Metabolic pathway to genes

Genes assigned in the pathway

Query pathway ID 01070
Pathway name Biosynthesis of plant hormones
Organism Arabidopsis_thaliana
Database KEGG PATHWAY

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
At1g01090839429PDH-E1 ALPHA (PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE E1 ALPHA)pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha subunitO.I.H.G.
At1g04410839527malate dehydrogenase, cytosolic, putativeF:in 6 functions;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress;C:in 7 components;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At1g04710839434PKT4 (PEROXISOMAL 3-KETOACYL-COA THIOLASE 4)EC2.3.1.16 thiolase.O.I.H.G.
At1g05010839345EFE (ETHYLENE-FORMING ENZYME)Encodes 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidaseO.I.H.G.
At1g06290837140ACX3 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 3)Encodes an acyl-CoA oxidase with specificity for medium chain fatty acids.O.I.H.G.
At1g06310837141ACX6 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 6)Encodes a putative acyl-CoA oxidase. However, no transcripts have been detected for this gene and no altered phenotypes have been detected in plants mutant for this gene. This suggests that ACX6 does not significantly contribute to seedling beta-oxidation of fatty acids or indole-3-butyric acid in vivo.O.I.H.G.
At1g06820837193CRTISO (CAROTENOID ISOMERASE)Encodes carotenoid isomerase. Catalyzes the isomerization of poly-cis-carotenoids to all-trans-carotenoids. Together with PDS and ZDS, CRTiso is required to complete the synthesis of lycopene from phytoene.O.I.H.G.
At1g07780837292PAI1 (PHOSPHORIBOSYLANTHRANILATE ISOMERASE 1)Encodes phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase which catalyzes the third step of the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway. Member of gene family.O.I.H.G.
At1g09420837465G6PD4 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 4)Encodes a protein similar to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase but, based on amino acid differences in the active site and lack of activity, does not encode a functional G6PDH. The amino acid sequence for the consensus sequence of the G6PDH active site (DHYLGKE) differs in three places in this protein. gc exon splice site at 20574 is based on protein alignment, and is not confirmed experimentally.O.I.H.G.
At1g09430837466ACLA-3Encodes subunit A of the heteromeric enzyme ATP citrate lyase (ACL). In animals, ACL is encoded by a single gene; ACL in Arabidopsis is composed of two polypeptides, ACLA (encoded by 3 genes) and ACLB (encoded by 2 genes). The holoenzyme has an A(4)B(4)stoichiometry. Expression of both ACLA and ACLB but not of either of the subunits alone results in ACL activity.O.I.H.G.
At1g097808375072,3-biphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase, putative / phosphoglyceromutase, putativeF:manganese ion binding, phosphoglycerate mutase activity, 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase activity, catalytic activity, metal ion binding;P:response to cadmium ion, response to cold;C:cytosol, mitochondrial envelope, chloroplast, plasma membrane;BOPFAMO.I.H.G.
At1g09795837509ATATP-PRT2 (ATP PHOSPHORIBOSYL TRANSFERASE 2)ATP phosphoribosyl transferase, catalyses first step of histidine biosynthesisO.I.H.G.
At1g10670837610ACLA-1One of the three genes encoding subunit A of the trimeric protein ATP Citrate Lyase. Antisense ACLA-1 plants cause a reduction in cytosolic acetyl-CoA metabolism and have upregulation of stress-related genes and down-regulation of primary metabolism and growth genes, suggesting the mutation restricts normal growth and developmental processes and puts the plant into a state of stress.O.I.H.G.
At1g11680837712CYP51G1 (CYTOCHROME P450 51G1)putative obtusifoliol 14-alpha demethylase involved in sterol biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At1g120108377531-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase, putative / ACC oxidase, putativeencodes a protein whose sequence is similar to 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidaseO.I.H.G.
At1g12230837776transaldolase, putativeF:transaldolase activity, catalytic activity;P:glucose catabolic process to lactate and acetate, 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate biosynthetic process, carbohydrate metabolic process, metabolic process, pentose-phosphate shunt, non-oxidative branch;C:chloroplast;BOFMPAVO.I.H.G.
At1g12900837848GAPA-2 (GLYCERALDEHYDE 3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE A SUBUNIT 2)F:NAD or NADH binding, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating) activity, binding, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis, glucose metabolic process, metabolic process;C:apoplast, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, membrane, chloroplast envelope;BOPFMAO.I.H.G.
At1g13280837888AOC4 (ALLENE OXIDE CYCLASE 4)Encodes allene oxide cyclase. One of four genes in Arabidopsis that encode this enzyme, which catalyzes an essential step in jasmonic acid biosynthesis. Gene expression is reduced during senescence, a process that involves jasmonic acid signalling pathway.O.I.H.G.
At1g13440837904GAPC2 (GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE C2)F:NAD or NADH binding, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating) activity, binding, catalytic activity, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity;P:response to oxidative stress, response to cadmium ion, gluconeogenesis, defense response to bacterium, glycolysis;C:in 8 components;BOPFMAO.I.H.G.
At1g13700837931glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase family proteinF:6-phosphogluconolactonase activity, catalytic activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt, carbohydrate metabolic process;C:cellular_component unknown;BOFMPO.I.H.G.
At1g14810838046semialdehyde dehydrogenase family proteinencodes an aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, which produces the branch point intermediate for lysine and threonine/methionine biosynthesisO.I.H.G.
At1g16300838199GAPCP-2F:NAD or NADH binding, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating) activity, binding, catalytic activity, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity;P:glycolysis, glucose metabolic process, metabolic process;C:plastid;BOPFMAO.I.H.G.
At1g17420838314LOX3LipoxygenaseO.I.H.G.
At1g18870838468ICS2 (ISOCHORISMATE SYNTHASE 2)Encodes a protein with isochorismate synthase activity involved in phylloquinone biosynthesis. Mutant studies of this gene's function suggest that its function is redundant with that of ICS1 (AT1G7410).O.I.H.G.
At1g19640838551JMT (JASMONIC ACID CARBOXYL METHYLTRANSFERASE)Encodes a S-adenosyl-L-methionine:jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase that catalyzes the formation of methyljasmonate from jasmonic acid. Its expression is induced in response to wounding or methyljasmonate treatment.O.I.H.G.
At1g20050838593HYD1 (HYDRA1)C-8 sterol isomeraseO.I.H.G.
At1g20510838639OPCL1 (OPC-8:0 COA LIGASE1)F:4-coumarate-CoA ligase activity;P:phenylpropanoid metabolic process, jasmonic acid biosynthetic process, response to wounding;C:peroxisome;BOFMPAVO.I.H.G.
At1g224108388472-dehydro-3-deoxyphosphoheptonate aldolase, putative / 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase, putative / DAHP synthetase, putativeF:3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase activity;P:aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process;C:membrane;OBPFO.I.H.G.
At1g24180839031IAR4Arabidopsis thaliana pyruvate dehydrogenase E1a-like subunit. 81% identical to a previously characterized Arabidopsis mitochondrial PDH E1a-subunit, At1g59900O.I.H.G.
At1g24280839044G6PD3 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 3)Encodes a plastidic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase that is sensitive to reduction by DTT and whose mRNA is most highly expressed in root.O.I.H.G.
At1g24807839085anthranilate synthase beta subunit, putativeF:catalytic activity, anthranilate synthase activity;P:glutamine metabolic process, biosynthetic process, metabolic process;C:chloroplast;BOFAMPO.I.H.G.
At1g24909839089anthranilate synthase beta subunit, putativeF:catalytic activity, anthranilate synthase activity;P:glutamine metabolic process, biosynthetic process, metabolic process;C:unknown;BOFAMPO.I.H.G.
At1g25220839103ASB1 (ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE BETA SUBUNIT 1)Catalyzes the first step of tryptophan biosynthesis: Chorismate L-Glutamine = Anthranilate Pyruvate L-Glutamate. Functions as a heterocomplex with anthranilate synthase alpha subunit (ASA1 or ASA2).O.I.H.G.
At1g25410839127ATIPT6AB061404 Arabidopsis thaliana AtIPT6 mRNA for cytokinin synthase, complete cdsO.I.H.G.
At1g29410839817PAI3 (phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase 3)Encodes phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase which catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At1g30100839889NCED5 (NINE-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 5)Encodes 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of abscisic acid. The expression of this gene increases during the first 6h of imbibition.O.I.H.G.
At1g30120839891PDH-E1 BETA (PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE E1 BETA)Encodes a putative plastid pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 beta subunit that is distinct from the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 beta subunit.O.I.H.G.
At1g31910840081GHMP kinase family proteinF:kinase activity, ATP binding;P:phosphorylation;C:unknown;FPOBAO.I.H.G.
At1g32380840131ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase 2 / phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase 2 (PRS2)F:magnesium ion binding, ribose phosphate diphosphokinase activity;P:cellular biosynthetic process, nucleotide biosynthetic process, nucleoside metabolic process, ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;OBMFAPVO.I.H.G.
At1g32440840138PKp3 (plastidial pyruvate kinase 3)encodes a chloroplast pyruvate kinase beta subunit. The enzyme is less active than the other chloroplast pyruvate kinase beta subunit encoded by AT5G52920. Involved in seed oil biosynthesis. Can partially complement the AT5G52920 mutant.O.I.H.G.
At1g32480840142oxidoreductase/ oxidoreductase, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptorF:oxidoreductase activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor;P:metabolic process;C:unknown;BOMFAPO.I.H.G.
At1g34430840346EMB3003 (embryo defective 3003)F:dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase activity, protein binding, acyltransferase activity;P:embryonic development ending in seed dormancy;C:cytosolic ribosome, plasma membrane, chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;OBMFPAO.I.H.G.
At1g42970840895GAPB (GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE B SUBUNIT)Encodes chloroplast localized glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.O.I.H.G.
At1g47840841200HXK3 (HEXOKINASE 3)Encodes a putative hexokinase.O.I.H.G.
At1g48030841221mtLPD1 (mitochondrial lipoamide dehydrogenase 1)Encodes a mitochondrial lipoamide dehydrogenase whose expression is induced by light.O.I.H.G.
At1g48850841307EMB1144 (embryo defective 1144)F:chorismate synthase activity;P:embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process;C:nucleolus, chloroplast;OBAFPMO.I.H.G.
At1g488608413083-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase, putative / 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate, putative / EPSP synthase, putativeF:3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase activity, catalytic activity, transferase activity, transferring alkyl or aryl (other than methyl) groups;P:glyphosate metabolic process, aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;BOPAFMO.I.H.G.
At1g49530841377GGPS6 (geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase 6)encodes a mitochondria-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
At1g50430841465DWF5 (DWARF 5)Mutants are defective in Brassinosteroid biosynthesis (delta7-sterol-C7 reduction step) and have a dwarf phenotype.O.I.H.G.
At1g52340841665ABA2 (ABA DEFICIENT 2)Encodes a cytosolic short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase involved in the conversion of xanthoxin to ABA-aldehyde during ABA biosynthesis. Mutants are insensitive to sucrose and glucose.O.I.H.G.
At1g53240841757malate dehydrogenase (NAD), mitochondrialF:malate dehydrogenase activity;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress, response to cold, defense response to bacterium, peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylation;C:mitochondrion, cell wall, chloroplast;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At1g54220841863dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase, putativeF:dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase activity, protein binding, acyltransferase activity;P:pyruvate metabolic process, metabolic process, acetyl-CoA biosynthetic process from pyruvate;C:mitochondrion;OBMFPAO.I.H.G.
At1g54340841875ICDH (ISOCITRATE DEHYDROGENASE)NADP-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH)O.I.H.G.
At1g55020841944LOX1lipoxygenase, a defense gene conferring resistance Xanthomonas campestrisO.I.H.G.
At1g56190842072phosphoglycerate kinase, putativeF:phosphoglycerate kinase activity;P:response to cadmium ion, glycolysis;C:thylakoid, mitochondrion, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, membrane;OBPMAFO.I.H.G.
At1g58440842213XF1Encodes a putative protein that has been speculated, based on sequence similarities, to have squalene monooxygenase activity.O.I.H.G.
At1g59900842284AT-E1 ALPHAencodes the e1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC)O.I.H.G.
At1g60810842375ACLA-2One of the three genes encoding subunit A of the trimeric enzyme ATP Citrate lyaseO.I.H.G.
At1g62380842536ACO2 (ACC OXIDASE 2)Encodes a protein similar to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic oxidase (ACC oxidase). Expression of the AtACO2 transcripts is affected by ethylene.O.I.H.G.
At1g62800842579ASP4 (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 4)Encodes aspartate aminotransferase (Asp4).O.I.H.G.
At1g63970842700ISPFEncodes a protein with 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase activity. The protein's activity was confirmed by heterologous expression of phenotypic complementation of the E. coli ispF mutant. Plants defective in this gene display an albino lethal phenotype.Homolog of E. coli IspFO.I.H.G.
At1g641908427246-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase family proteinF:in 6 functions;P:response to salt stress;C:chloroplast, membrane;BOMPFAVO.I.H.G.
At1g65930842905isocitrate dehydrogenase, putative / NADP+ isocitrate dehydrogenase, putativeF:isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity, copper ion binding;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress, metabolic process;C:apoplast, plasma membrane;OBMPFAO.I.H.G.
At1g67110843031CYP735A2member of CYP709AO.I.H.G.
At1g67560843077lipoxygenase family proteinF:electron carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, incorporation of two atoms of oxygen, lipoxygenase activity, iron ion binding, metal ion binding;P:growth;C:chloroplast;PMBFOO.I.H.G.
At1g68460843175ATIPT1 (isopentenyltransferase 1)Encodes a putative adenylate isopentenyltransferase which catalyzes the formation of isopentenyladenosine 5'-monophosphate (iPMP) from AMP and dimethylallylpyrophosphate (DMAPP). Involved in cytokinin biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At1g71100843450RSW10 (RADIAL SWELLING 10)Encodes a ribose 5-phosphate isomerase involved in the formation of uridine used for the synthesis of UDP-sugars. Mutants of this gene are affected in cellulose biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At1g72520843584lipoxygenase, putativeF:electron carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, incorporation of two atoms of oxygen, lipoxygenase activity, iron ion binding, metal ion binding;P:growth, jasmonic acid biosynthetic process, response to wounding, defense response;C:chloroplast;PMBFOO.I.H.G.
At1g74030843741enolase, putativeF:phosphopyruvate hydratase activity;P:in 12 processes;C:phosphopyruvate hydratase complex, chloroplast;OBMFAPO.I.H.G.
At1g74710843810isochorismate synthase 1 (ICS1) / isochorismate mutaseEncodes a protein with isochorismate synthase activity. Mutants fail to accumulate salicylic acid. Its function may be redundant with that of ICS2 (AT1G18870).O.I.H.G.
At1g76490843982HMG1 (HYDROXY METHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASE 1)Encodes a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which is involved in melavonate biosynthesis and performs the first committed step in isoprenoid biosynthesis. Expression is activated in dark in leaf tissue but not controlled by light in the root (confineO.I.H.G.
At1g76680844001OPR1Encodes a a member of an alpha/beta barrel fold family of FMN-containing oxidoreductases. One of two closely related 12-oxophytodienoic acid reductases. This enzyme is not expected to participate in jasmonic acid biosynthesis because during in vitro assays, it shows very little activity with the naturally occurring OPDA isomer. Up-regulated by senescence and jasmonic acid. Induced by salicylic acid. Independent of NPR1 for their induction by salicylic acid.O.I.H.G.
At1g76690844002OPR2Encodes one of two closely related 12-oxophytodienoic acid reductases. This enzyme is not expected to participate in jasmonic acid biosynthesis because during in vitro assays, it shows very little activity with the naturally occurring OPDA isomer.O.I.H.G.
At1g773308440691-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase, putative / ACC oxidase, putativesimilar to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase GI:3386565 from (Sorghum bicolor)O.I.H.G.
At1g78390844175NCED9 (NINE-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 9)Encodes 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of abscisic acid. The expression of this gene increases during the first 6h of imbibition.O.I.H.G.
At1g78960844236ATLUP2Encodes a multifunctional 2-3-oxidosqualene (OS)-triterpene cyclase that can cyclize OS into lupeol, alpha- and beta-amyrin.O.I.H.G.
At1g79460844284GA2 (GA REQUIRING 2)Encodes for a protein with ent-kaurene synthase B activity which catalyzes the second step in the cyclization of GGPP to ent-kaurene in the gibberellins biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At1g79530844291GAPCP-1 (GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE OF PLASTID 1)F:NAD or NADH binding, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating) activity, binding, catalytic activity, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity;P:glycolysis, glucose metabolic process, metabolic process;C:plastid, membrane;BOPFMAO.I.H.G.
At1g79550844293PGK (PHOSPHOGLYCERATE KINASE)Encodes cytosolic phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK).O.I.H.G.
At2g01140814643fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity;P:response to oxidative stress, response to cadmium ion, pentose-phosphate shunt;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast, plastoglobule;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At2g01290814657ribose-5-phosphate isomeraseF:ribose-5-phosphate isomerase activity;P:glucose catabolic process to lactate and acetate, 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate biosynthetic process, reductive pentose-phosphate cycle, D-ribose catabolic process, pentose-phosphate shunt, non-oxidative branch;C:cytoplasm;BOAFMPO.I.H.G.
At2g02500814779ISPDEncodes a protein with 4-Diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase activity. The enzyme has an absolute requirement for divalent cations (Mg2+ reaches the highest catalytic activity).O.I.H.G.
At2g04400814980indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase (IGPS)F:indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;BOAFPO.I.H.G.
At2g05710815120aconitate hydratase, cytoplasmic, putative / citrate hydro-lyase/aconitase, putativeProtein is tyrosine-phosphorylated and its phosphorylation state is modulated in response to ABA in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds.O.I.H.G.
At2g06050815160OPR3 (OPDA-REDUCTASE 3)Encodes a 12-oxophytodienoate reductase that is required for jasmonate biosynthesis. Mutants are male sterile and defective in pollen dehiscence.O.I.H.G.
At2g07050815275CAS1 (cycloartenol synthase 1)Involved in the biosynthesis of brassinosteroids. Catalyzes the reaction from epoxysqualene to cycloartenol.O.I.H.G.
At2g17130816218IDH2 (ISOCITRATE DEHYDROGENASE SUBUNIT 2)NAD+ dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase subunit 2 (IDH2)O.I.H.G.
At2g17370816244HMG2 (3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA REDUCTASE 2)Encodes a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) that is involved in the synthesis of sterol and triterpenoid compounds.O.I.H.G.
At2g18450816359SDH1-2Nuclear encoded mitochondrial flavoprotein subunit of succinate dehydrogenase complex .O.I.H.G.
At2g18620816377geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBPFAMVO.I.H.G.
At2g18640816379GGPS4 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 4)Encodes an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
At2g19590816478ACO1 (ACC OXIDASE 1)encodes a protein whose sequence is similar to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidaseO.I.H.G.
At2g19860816505HXK2 (HEXOKINASE 2)Encodes a protein with hexokinase activity (AtHXK2) and acts as a sensor for plant sugar responses.O.I.H.G.
At2g20420816561succinyl-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) beta-chain, mitochondrial, putative / succinyl-CoA synthetase, beta chain, putative / SCS-beta, putativeF:succinate-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) activity, ATP binding;P:response to cadmium ion, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion;OBMFAPO.I.H.G.
At2g21330816672fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity, catalytic activity;P:response to cadmium ion, pentose-phosphate shunt;C:in 8 components;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At2g21940816730shikimate kinase, putativeF:shikimate kinase activity, ATP binding;P:unknown;C:unknown;BOFPMAO.I.H.G.
At2g22480816781PFK5 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 5)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:6-phosphofructokinase complex, chloroplast;BOMFPAVO.I.H.G.
At2g22780816808PMDH1 (PEROXISOMAL NAD-MALATE DEHYDROGENASE 1)encodes an peroxisomal NAD-malate dehydrogenase that is involved in fatty acid beta-oxidation through providing NAD to the process of converting fatty acyl CoA to acetyl CoA.O.I.H.G.
At2g22810816812ACS4 (1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLATE SYNTHASE 4)key regulatory enzyme in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone ethylene. ACS4 is specifically induced by indoleacetic acid (IAA).O.I.H.G.
At2g23800816912GGPS2 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 2)encodes an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
At2g26930817234ATCDPMEK (4-(CYTIDINE 5'-PHOSPHO)-2-C-METHYL-D-ERITHRITOL KINASE)Encodes a 4-(cytidine 5'-phospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erithritol kinase.O.I.H.G.
At2g27150817257AAO3 (Abscisic ALDEHYDE OXIDASE 3)Encodes the aldehyde oxidase delta isoform catalyzing the final step in abscisic acid biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At2g27760817322ATIPT2 (TRNA ISOPENTENYLTRANSFERASE 2)Encodes tRNA isopentenyltransferase, similar to yeast MOD5.O.I.H.G.
At2g29690817519ASA2 (ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE 2)Encode a functional anthranilate synthase protein. Expressed at a constitutive basal level. Expression was not induced by wounding nor bacterial pathogen infiltration. Involved in aromatic amino acid biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At2g30970817648ASP1 (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 1)ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 1O.I.H.G.
At2g32440817805KAO2 (ENT-KAURENOIC ACID HYDROXYLASE 2)ent-kaurenoic acid hydroxylase (KAO2)O.I.H.G.
At2g33150817876PKT3 (PEROXISOMAL 3-KETOACYL-COA THIOLASE 3)Encodes an organellar (peroxisome, glyoxysome) 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, involved in fatty acid b-oxidation during germination and subsequent seedling growth. Mutants have defects in glyoxysomal fatty acid beta-oxidation. EC2.3.1.16 thiolase.O.I.H.G.
At2g34590818024transketolase family proteinF:pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) activity, transketolase activity;P:pollen tube development;C:chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At2g35040818069AICARFT/IMPCHase bienzyme family proteinF:phosphoribosylaminoimidazolecarboxamide formyltransferase activity, IMP cyclohydrolase activity, catalytic activity;P:response to cold, purine nucleotide biosynthetic process;C:stromule, chloroplast, chloroplast stroma;OBMFAPVO.I.H.G.
At2g35390818106ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase 1 / phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase 1 (PRSI)F:magnesium ion binding, ribose phosphate diphosphokinase activity;P:cellular biosynthetic process, nucleotide biosynthetic process, nucleoside metabolic process, ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBMFAPVO.I.H.G.
At2g35690818138ACX5 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 5)Encodes an acyl-CoA oxidase. Involved in jasmonate biosynthesis. Expressed uniformly in seedlings and throughout development.O.I.H.G.
At2g36230818195APG10 (ALBINO AND PALE GREEN 10)Encodes a BBMII isomerase involved in histidine biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At2g36460818220fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity, catalytic activity;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress, pentose-phosphate shunt;C:mitochondrion, plasma membrane, membrane;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At2g36530818226LOS2Involved in light-dependent cold tolerance and encodes an enolase. Protein is tyrosine-phosphorylated and its phosphorylation state is modulated in response to ABA in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds.O.I.H.G.
At2g36880818260MAT3 (methionine adenosyltransferase 3)F:copper ion binding, methionine adenosyltransferase activity;P:one-carbon compound metabolic process, S-adenosylmethionine biosynthetic process;C:plasma membrane;OBPMFAO.I.H.G.
At2g37040818280pal1 (Phe ammonia lyase 1)encodes a protein similar to phenylalanine ammonia-lyaseO.I.H.G.
At2g38050818383DET2 (DE-ETIOLATED 2)Similar to mammalian steroid-5-alpha-reductase. Involved in the brassinolide biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At2g38280818408FAC1 (EMBRYONIC FACTOR1)Encodes a protein with in vitro AMP deaminase activity that is involved in embryogenesis. Homozygous mutant embryos fail to develop past the zygote stage.O.I.H.G.
At2g38700818452MVD1 (MEVALONATE DIPHOSPHATE DECARBOXYLASE 1)Encodes mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase, the enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate, used in sterol and isoprenoid biosynthesis. The protein appears to form a homodimeric complex. Incidentally, it was shown that the Arabidopsis MVD protein could also interact with its yeast homolog to form a heterodimer.O.I.H.G.
At2g42790818879CSY3 (citrate synthase 3)Encodes a peroxisomal citrate synthase that is expressed throughout seedling and shoot development.O.I.H.G.
At2g44350819042ATCSencodes a mitochrondrion targeted citrate synthase, the first enzyme of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, catalyzing the condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate, finally yielding citrate and CoA.O.I.H.G.
At2g44530819061ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase, putative / phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase, putativeF:magnesium ion binding, ribose phosphate diphosphokinase activity;P:cellular biosynthetic process, nucleotide biosynthetic process, nucleoside metabolic process, ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;OBMFAPVO.I.H.G.
At2g45290819137transketolase, putativeF:catalytic activity, transketolase activity;P:response to cadmium ion;C:chloroplast stroma, chloroplast;OBMFAPO.I.H.G.
At2g453008191383-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase / 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate / EPSP synthaseencodes 3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase / 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate / EPSP synthase involved in chorismate biosynthesisO.I.H.G.
At3g01120821292MTO1 (METHIONINE OVERACCUMULATION 1)encodes a cystathionine gamma-synthase, which performs the first committed step in methionine biosynthesis. A conserved motif of 13 amino acids in the first exon is required for posttranscriptional autoregulation. This enzyme shares the same substrate as threonine synthase (TS) and its absence transcriptionally affects 8 genes in the genome.O.I.H.G.
At3g02020821287AK3 (ASPARTATE KINASE 3)encodes a monofunctional aspartate kinaseO.I.H.G.
At3g023608211636-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase family proteinF:in 6 functions;P:response to salt stress;C:peroxisome;BOMPFAVO.I.H.G.
At3g02580820679STE1 (STEROL 1)Brassinosteroid biosynthetic enzyme, catalyzes delta7 sterol C-5 desaturation step. Mutant has dwarf phenotype.O.I.H.G.
At3g02780820960IPP2 (ISOPENTENYL PYROPHOSPHATE:DIMETHYLALLYL PYROPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE 2)Encodes a protein with isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase activity. There is genetic evidence that it functions in the mevalonate, but not the MEP biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At3g04050819560pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, magnesium ion binding, potassium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g04120819567GAPC1 (GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE C SUBUNIT 1)encodes cytosolic GADPH (C subunit) involved in the glycolytic pathway but also interacts with H2O2 potentially placing it in a signalling cascade induced by ROS.O.I.H.G.
At3g04790819639ribose 5-phosphate isomerase-relatedF:ribose-5-phosphate isomerase activity;P:defense response to bacterium, reductive pentose-phosphate cycle;C:thylakoid, chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;BOAFMPO.I.H.G.
At3g04870819647ZDS (ZETA-CAROTENE DESATURASE)Involved in the biosynthesis of carotenes and xanthophylls, reduces zeta-carotene to lycopene.O.I.H.G.
At3g06350819809MEE32 (MATERNAL EFFECT EMBRYO ARREST 32)F:NADP or NADPH binding, 3-dehydroquinate dehydratase activity, shikimate 5-dehydrogenase activity, binding, catalytic activity;P:embryonic development ending in seed dormancy;C:chloroplast stroma, chloroplast;BOAFPO.I.H.G.
At3g06650819845ACLB-1One of the two genes encoding subunit B of the trimeric enzyme ATP Citrate lyaseO.I.H.G.
At3g06860819870MFP2 (MULTIFUNCTIONAL PROTEIN 2)Encodes a multifunctional protein. Involved in peroxisomal fatty acid beta oxidation. Loss-of-function mutant lacks hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity and have reduced levels of long-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase activity. The mutant has fewer but larger peroxisomes.O.I.H.G.
At3g085908200062,3-biphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase, putative / phosphoglyceromutase, putativeF:manganese ion binding, phosphoglycerate mutase activity, 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase activity, catalytic activity, metal ion binding;P:response to cadmium ion;C:cytosol, apoplast;BOPFAMO.I.H.G.
At3g09810820139isocitrate dehydrogenase, putative / NAD+ isocitrate dehydrogenase, putativeF:isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor;P:tricarboxylic acid cycle, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion;BOMFAPO.I.H.G.
At3g10230820185LYC (LYCOPENE CYCLASE)Encodes a protein with lycopene β-cyclase activity. This enzyme uses the linear, symmetrical lycopene as substrate. However, unlike the ε-cyclase which adds only one ring, the β-cyclase introduces a ring at both ends of lycopene to form the bicyclic β-carotene.O.I.H.G.
At3g10340820196PAL4 (Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 4)F:ammonia-lyase activity, ammonia ligase activity, catalytic activity;P:L-phenylalanine catabolic process, biosynthetic process;C:cytoplasm;BPOFMAO.I.H.G.
At3g12780820461PGK1 (PHOSPHOGLYCERATE KINASE 1)nuclear phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK1)O.I.H.G.
At3g13930820606dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase, putativeF:dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase activity, protein binding, acyltransferase activity;P:pyruvate metabolic process, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;OBMFPAO.I.H.G.
At3g14440820667NCED3 (NINE-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 3)Encodes 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of abscisic acid. Regulated in response to drought and salinity. Expressed in roots, flowers and seeds. Localized to the chloroplast stroma and thylakoid membrane.O.I.H.G.
At3g14510820674geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
At3g14530820678geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:farnesyltranstransferase activity;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
At3g14550820681GGPS3 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 3)Encodes a protein with geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase activity involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis. The enzyme appears to be targeted to the chloroplast in epidermal cells and guard cells of leaves, and in etioplasts in roots.O.I.H.G.
At3g15020820731malate dehydrogenase (NAD), mitochondrial, putativeF:in 6 functions;P:defense response to bacterium;C:mitochondrion, apoplast, membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g16950820951LPD1 (LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE 1)encodes a plastid lipoamide dehydrogenase, subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex which provides acetyl-CoA for de novo fatty acid biosynthesis. The gene is highly expressed in developing seeds.O.I.H.G.
At3g17240820984mtLPD2 (LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE 2)lipoamide dehydrogenase precursorO.I.H.G.
At3g17390821003MTO3 (METHIONINE OVER-ACCUMULATOR 3)S-adenosylmethionine synthetaseO.I.H.G.
At3g19160821450ATIPT8 (ATP/ADP ISOPENTENYLTRANSFERASES)Encodes cytokinin synthase.O.I.H.G.
At3g19820821519DWF1 (DWARF 1)Involved in the conversion of the early brassinosteroid precursor 24-methylenecholesterol to campesterol. Brassinosteroids affect cellular elongation. Mutants have dwarf phenotype. DWF1 is a Ca2+-dependent calmodulin-binding protein.O.I.H.G.
At3g20160821560geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:farnesyltranstransferase activity;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
At3g215008217041-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthaseEncodes a protein postulated to have 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase activity.O.I.H.G.
At3g22400821808LOX5F:electron carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, incorporation of two atoms of oxygen, lipoxygenase activity, iron ion binding, metal ion binding;P:root development;C:chloroplast;PMBFOO.I.H.G.
At3g23630821943ATIPT7Encodes an isopentenyl transferase involved in cytokinin biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At3g24220822008NCED6 (NINE-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 6)A member of gene NCED-related gene family, encodes 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of abscisic acid. The expression of this gene declines during the first 12h of imbibition.O.I.H.G.
At3g25760822167AOC1 (ALLENE OXIDE CYCLASE 1)encodes allene oxide cyclase. One of four genes in Arabidopsis that encode this enzyme, which catalyzes an essential step in jasmonic acid biosynthesis. Gene expression is induced during senescence, a process that involves jasmonic acid signalling pathway.O.I.H.G.
At3g25770822168AOC2 (ALLENE OXIDE CYCLASE 2)Encodes allene oxide cyclase. One of four genes in Arabidopsis that encode this enzyme, which catalyzes an essential step in jasmonic acid biosynthesis. Gene expression is induced during senescence, a process that involves jasmonic acid signalling pathway. Note: Nomenclature for Arabidopsis allene oxide cyclase 2 (AOC2, AT3G25770) gene is based on Stenzel et al. 2003 Plant Molecular Biology 51:895-911. AOC2 (AT3G25770) is also referred to as AOC3 in He et al. 2002 Plant Physiology, 128:876-884.O.I.H.G.
At3g25780822169AOC3 (ALLENE OXIDE CYCLASE 3)Encodes allene oxide cyclase, one of the enzymes involved in jasmonic acid biosynthesis. One of four genes in Arabidopsis that encode this enzyme. mRNA expression is upregulated in senescing leaves. Note: Nomenclature for Arabidopsis allene oxide cyclase 3 (AOC3, AT3G25780) gene is based on Stenzel et al. 2003 Plant Molecular Biology 51:895-911. AOC3 (AT3G25780) is also referred to as AOC2 in He et al. 2002 Plant Physiology, 128:876-884.O.I.H.G.
At3g25960822193pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, magnesium ion binding, potassium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g26650822277GAPA (GLYCERALDEHYDE 3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE A SUBUNIT)Encodes one of the two subunits forming the photosynthetic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and as such a constituent of the supramolecular complex with phosphoribulokinase (PRK) thought to be linked by a small peptide encoded by CP12-2. GapA-1 is coordinately expressed by light with PRK and CP12-2. The enzyme activity, tested in leaf protein extracts dropped significantly after external sucrose treatment for the photosynthetic GAPDH (NADPH-dependent) but not for the cytosolic GAPDH (NADH-dependent).O.I.H.G.
At3g27300822349G6PD5 (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 5)F:glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity;P:response to cadmium ion, pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch, glucose metabolic process;C:cytosol, chloroplast;BOMPFVO.I.H.G.
At3g27380822359SDH2-1One of three isoforms of the iron-sulfur component of the succinate dehydrogenase complex, a component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II. The product of the nuclear encoded gene is imported into the mitochondrion. Expressed during germination and post-germinative growth.O.I.H.G.
At3g29430822604geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
At3g32040822957geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBPFMAVO.I.H.G.
At3g45140823650LOX2 (LIPOXYGENASE 2)Chloroplast lipoxygenase required for wound-induced jasmonic acid accumulation in Arabidopsis.Mutants are resistant to Staphylococcus aureus and accumulate salicylic acid upon infection.O.I.H.G.
At3g47520823906MDH (MALATE DEHYDROGENASE)Encodes a protein with NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase activity, located in chloroplasts.O.I.H.G.
At3g49160824077pyruvate kinase family proteinExpression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress.O.I.H.G.
At3g49360824098glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase family proteinF:6-phosphogluconolactonase activity, catalytic activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt, carbohydrate metabolic process;C:plasma membrane;BOFMPO.I.H.G.
At3g49700824132ACS9 (1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLATE SYNTHASE 9)encodes a a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family. Mutants produce elevated levels of ethylene as etiolated seedlings.O.I.H.G.
At3g50520824216phosphoglycerate/bisphosphoglycerate mutase family proteinF:catalytic activity;P:metabolic process;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMFPAO.I.H.G.
At3g50660824229DWF4 (DWARF 4)Encodes a 22α hydroxylase whose reaction is a rate-limiting step in brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway. The protein is a member of CYP90B gene family. CLM is an epi-allele with small, compressed rosette, reduced internode length, and reduced fertility, appears in selfed ddm mutant plants possibly due to loss of cytosine methylation. Transcripts accumulate in actively growing tissues, and GUS expression is negatively regulated by brassinosteroids. Localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. The in vitro expressed protein can perform the C-22 hydroxylation of a variety of C27-, C28- and C29-sterols. Cholesterol was the best substrate, followed by campesterol. Sitosterol was a poor substrate.O.I.H.G.
At3g51840824347ACX4 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 4)Encodes a short-chain acyl-CoA oxidase, which catalyzes the first step of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation during early, post-germinative growth in oilseed species. Null mutants virtually lack short-chain acyl-CoA and are resistant to 2,4-dichlorophenoxybutyric acid, which is converted to the herbicide and auxin analogue 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by beta-oxidation. Despite the almost complete loss of short-chain activity, lipid catabolism and seedling growth and establishment was unaltered in the acx4 mutant. However, double mutants in acx3acx4 (acx3 encodes medium chain acyl CoA oxidase) were not viable and arrested during embryogenesis.O.I.H.G.
At3g52200824385LTA3dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (LTA3) mRNA, nuclearO.I.H.G.
At3g52930824459fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity, catalytic activity;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress, pentose-phosphate shunt;C:in 7 components;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At3g52940824460FK (FACKEL)Encodes a sterol C-14 reductase required for cell division and expansion and is involved in proper organization of the embryo.O.I.H.G.
At3g52990824465pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:response to cadmium ion, glycolysis;C:membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g53260824493PAL2Encodes phenylalanine lyase.O.I.H.G.
At3g54250824592mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase, putativeF:diphosphomevalonate decarboxylase activity, kinase activity, ATP binding;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process, phosphorylation;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMFPAO.I.H.G.
At3g54640824629TSA1 (TRYPTOPHAN SYNTHASE ALPHA CHAIN)Catalyzes the conversion of indole-3-glycerolphosphate to indole, the penultimate reaction in the biosynthesis of tryptophan. Functions as a heterocomplex with tryptophan synthase beta subunit (TSA2).O.I.H.G.
At3g554108247072-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E1 component, putative / oxoglutarate decarboxylase, putative / alpha-ketoglutaric dehydrogenase, putativeF:oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, disulfide as acceptor, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring) activity, thiamin pyrophosphate binding;P:glycolysis, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion;OBMFPAO.I.H.G.
At3g55650824731pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:mitochondrion;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g55810824747pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At3g55870824753anthranilate synthase, alpha subunit, putativeF:oxo-acid-lyase activity, anthranilate synthase activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process, biosynthetic process;C:endomembrane system;BOFAPMO.I.H.G.
At3g57050824872CBL (cystathionine beta-lyase)Encodes second enzyme in the methionine biosynthetic pathwayO.I.H.G.
At3g58740825043CSY1 (CITRATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a peroxisomal citrate synthase that is expressed in siliques and developing seeds.O.I.H.G.
At3g58750825044CSY2 (citrate synthase 2)Encodes a peroxisomal citrate synthase that is expressed throughout seedling and shoot development.O.I.H.G.
At3g60100825180CSY5 (citrate synthase 5)F:citrate (SI)-synthase activity, transferase activity, transferring acyl groups, acyl groups converted into alkyl on transfer;P:cellular carbohydrate metabolic process, tricarboxylic acid cycle;C:mitochondrion;BOMFAPO.I.H.G.
At3g60750825246transketolase, putativeF:catalytic activity, transketolase activity;P:response to cadmium ion, response to salt stress;C:chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;OBMFAPO.I.H.G.
At3g61510825324ACS1 (ACC SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family. The gene is transcriptionally active but enzymatically inactive. The predicted amino-acid sequence of ACS1 is missing the highly conserved tripeptide, Thr-Asn-Pro (TNP), between Ile204 and Ser205. Introduction of TNP into ACS1 restores the ACS activity.O.I.H.G.
At3g63110825486ATIPT3 (ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA ISOPENTENYLTRANSFERASE 3)Encodes cytokinin synthase involved in cytokinin biosynthesis. IPT3 subcellular localization is modulated by farnesylation- when farnesylated it is localized to the nucleus, otherwise to the chloroplast.O.I.H.G.
At4g02610828226tryptophan synthase, alpha subunit, putativeF:tryptophan synthase activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;BOAFPMO.I.H.G.
At4g02780828182GA1 (GA REQUIRING 1)Catalyzes the conversion of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) to copalyl pyrophosphate (CPP) of gibberellin biosynthesisO.I.H.G.
At4g11820826788MVA1Encodes a protein with hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase activity which was characterized by phenotypical complementation of the S. cerevisiae mutant.O.I.H.G.
At4g14210827061PDS3 (PHYTOENE DESATURASE 3)Encodes phytoene desaturase (phytoene dehydrogenase), an enzyme that catalyzes the desaturation of phytoene to zeta-carotene during carotenoid biosynthesis. Processed protein is localized to the plastid.O.I.H.G.
At4g15340827200ATPEN1 (ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a protein that catalyzes the production of the tricyclic triterpene arabidiol when expressed in yeast.O.I.H.G.
At4g15560827230CLA1 (CLOROPLASTOS ALTERADOS 1)Encodes a protein with 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate synthase activity involved in the MEP pathway. It is essential for chloroplast development in ArabidopsisO.I.H.G.
At4g16155827307dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenaseF:dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase activity;P:cell redox homeostasis;C:chloroplast, chloroplast envelope;BOMAPFO.I.H.G.
At4g16760827381ACX1 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 1)Encodes a medium to long-chain acyl-CoA oxidase. Catalyzes the first step of fatty acid beta-oxidation. Involved in jasmonate biosynthesis. Gene expression is induced by wounding, drought stress, abscisic acid, and jasmonate.O.I.H.G.
At4g17190827430FPS2 (FARNESYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 2)Encodes a protein with farnesyl diphosphate synthase activity, which catalyzes the rate limiting step in isoprenoid biosynthesis. Its mRNA is most abundantly expressed in flowers.O.I.H.G.
At4g18350827562NCED2 (NINE-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 2)Encodes 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of abscisic acid. The expression of this gene declines during the first 12h of imbibition.O.I.H.G.
At4g24620828564PGI1 (PHOSPHOGLUCOSE ISOMERASE 1)The PGI1 gene encodes the plastid phospho-glucose (Glc) isomerase. While pgi1-1 mutant has a deficiency in leaf starch synthesis, it accumulates starch in root cap cells. Flowering time of the pgi1-1 mutant is significantly delayed under short-day conditions.O.I.H.G.
At4g24650828567ATIPT4AB061402 Arabidopsis thaliana AtIPT4 mRNA for cytokinin synthase, complete cdsO.I.H.G.
At4g25420828645GA20OX1Encodes gibberellin 20-oxidase that is involved in the later steps of the gibberellin biosynthetic pathway. Regulated by a circadian clock. Weak expression response to far red light.O.I.H.G.
At4g25700828675BETA-OHASE 1 (BETA-HYDROXYLASE 1)Converts beta-carotene to zeaxanthin via cryptoxanthin.O.I.H.G.
At4g26270828733PFK3 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 3)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:cytosol, 6-phosphofructokinase complex;BOMFPAVO.I.H.G.
At4g26390828745pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At4g26520828758fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, cytoplasmicF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt, response to hypoxia;C:unknown;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At4g26530828759fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity;P:glycolysis, metabolic process;C:chloroplast;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At4g26900828797AT-HF (HIS HF)encodes a glutamine amidotransferase and cyclase, catalyzes the fifth and sixth steps of the histidine biosynthetic pathwayO.I.H.G.
At4g269108287982-oxoacid dehydrogenase family proteinF:dihydrolipoyllysine-residue succinyltransferase activity, acyltransferase activity;P:tricarboxylic acid cycle, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion, membrane;OBMFPAVO.I.H.G.
At4g26970828805aconitate hydratase/ copper ion bindingF:aconitate hydratase activity, copper ion binding;P:response to cadmium ion;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast;OBMFAPO.I.H.G.
At4g27070828815TSB2 (TRYPTOPHAN SYNTHASE BETA-SUBUNIT 2)Tryptophan synthase beta. Expressed at low levels in all tissues.O.I.H.G.
At4g29010829022AIM1 (ABNORMAL INFLORESCENCE MERISTEM)Functions in beta-oxidation of fatty acids, similar to CuMFP with L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA hydrolyase , L-3-hydroxyacyl-dehydrogenase, D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase, and 3, 2-enoyl-CoA isomerase activitiesO.I.H.G.
At4g29130829034HXK1 (HEXOKINASE 1)Encodes a hexokinase (HXK1) in the plant glucose-signaling network. Functions as a glucose sensor to interrelate nutrient, light, and hormone signaling networks for controlling growth and development in response to the changing environment.O.I.H.G.
At4g29220829043PFK1 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 1)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:cytosol, 6-phosphofructokinase complex, plasma membrane;BOMPFAVO.I.H.G.
At4g31990829330ASP5 (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 5)encodes a plastid-localized aspartate aminotransferaseO.I.H.G.
At4g32840829420PFK6 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 6)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:cytosol, 6-phosphofructokinase complex;BOMFPAVO.I.H.G.
At4g33510829489DHS2 (3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase)Enzyme catalyzing the first committed step in aromatic amino acid biosynthesisO.I.H.G.
At4g34350829585HDR (4-HYDROXY-3-METHYLBUT-2-ENYL DIPHOSPHATE REDUCTASE)Arabidopsis ISPH is involved in the plastid nonmevalonate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis. It was shown to complement the lethal phenotype of E. coli ispH mutant and is therefore most likely encodes a protein with 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl diphosphate reductase activity involved in the last step of mevalonate-independent isopentenyl biosynthesis. Mutant has Albino seedling.O.I.H.G.
At4g34640829616SQS1 (SQUALENE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes squalene synthase, which converts two molecules of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) into squalene via an intermediate: presqualene diphosphate (PSPP). It is generally thought to be one of the key enzymes of sterol biosynthesis, since it catalyzes the first pathway-specific reaction of the sterol branch of the isoprenoid pathway.O.I.H.G.
At4g34650829617SQS2 (SQUALENE SYNTHASE 2)Encodes a protein with similarity to squalene synthase which catalyzes the first committed step in sterol biosynthesis. To date no experimental evidence exists that SQS2 functions as a squalene synthase and some experiments indicate it does not have this function.O.I.H.G.
At4g35260829679IDH1 (ISOCITRATE DEHYDROGENASE 1)NAD+ dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase subunit 1 (IDH1)O.I.H.G.
At4g35650829717isocitrate dehydrogenase, putative / NAD+ isocitrate dehydrogenase, putativeF:isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor;P:tricarboxylic acid cycle, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion;BOFMAPO.I.H.G.
At4g35830829737aconitate hydratase, cytoplasmic / citrate hydro-lyase / aconitase (ACO)F:aconitate hydratase activity, 4 iron, 4 sulfur cluster binding;P:response to salt stress;C:mitochondrion, apoplast, plasma membrane, vacuole;OBFMAPO.I.H.G.
At4g36810829834GGPS1 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a protein with geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase activity involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis. The enzyme appears to be targeted to the chloroplast in epidermal cells and guard cells of leaves, and in etioplasts in roots.O.I.H.G.
At4g37760829932SQE3 (squalene epoxidase 3)F:squalene monooxygenase activity;P:response to jasmonic acid stimulus, sterol biosynthetic process, response to wounding;C:endomembrane system, integral to membrane;BOFMPAO.I.H.G.
At4g37770829933ACS8Encodes an auxin inducible ACC synthase.O.I.H.G.
At4g37840829940HKL3 (HEXOKINASE-LIKE 3)Encodes a putative hexokinase.O.I.H.G.
At4g38970830052fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeProtein is tyrosine-phosphorylated and its phosphorylation state is modulated in response to ABA in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds.O.I.H.G.
At4g39540830108shikimate kinase family proteinF:shikimate kinase activity, ATP binding;P:aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process;C:unknown;BOPFMAO.I.H.G.
At4g39980830159DHS1 (3-DEOXY-D-ARABINO-HEPTULOSONATE 7-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a 2-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAHP) synthase, which catalyzes the first committed step in aromatic amino acid biosynthesis. Gene expression is induced by wounding and pathogenic bacteria Pseudomonas syringae.O.I.H.G.
At5g03290831884isocitrate dehydrogenase, putative / NAD+ isocitrate dehydrogenase, putativeF:isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity, ATP binding;P:tricarboxylic acid cycle, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast;BOMFAPO.I.H.G.
At5g03690831759fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, putativeF:fructose-bisphosphate aldolase activity, catalytic activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt;C:unknown;OMBPFO.I.H.G.
At5g04230830302PAL3 (PHENYL ALANINE AMMONIA-LYASE 3)Member of Phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL) gene family.Differs significantly from PAL1 and PAL2 and other sequenced plant PAL genesO.I.H.G.
At5g05590830442PAI2 (PHOSPHORIBOSYLANTHRANILATE ISOMERASE 2)Encodes phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase which catalyzes the third step in the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At5g05690830453CPD (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC DWARF)Encodes a member of the CP90A family, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase which converts 6-deoxocathasterone to 6-deoxoteasterone in the late C6 oxidation pathway and cathasterone to teasterone in the early C6 oxidation pathway of brassinolide biosynthesis. Expressed in cotyledons and leaves. Mutants display de-etiolation and derepression of light-induced genes in the dark, dwarfism, male sterility and activation of stress-regulated genes in the light. The expression of the gene using a CPD promoter:LUC fusion construct was shown to be under circadian and light control. Additionally, the circadian regulation was shown to be independent of BR levels as it remains unchanged in bri1 mutant lines. CPD appears to be involved in the autonomous pathway that regulates the transition to flowering, primarily through a BRI1-mediated signaling pathway that affects FLC expression levels, as uncovered by double mutant analyses.O.I.H.G.
At5g05730830457ASA1 (ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE ALPHA SUBUNIT 1)ASA1 encodes the alpha subunit of anthranilate synthase, which catalyzes the rate-limiting step of tryptophan synthesis. ASA1 is induced by ethylene, and forms a link between ethylene signalling and auxin synthesis in roots.O.I.H.G.
At5g07200830611YAP169encodes a gibberellin 20-oxidase.O.I.H.G.
At5g08300830726succinyl-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) alpha-chain, mitochondrial, putative / succinyl-CoA synthetase, alpha chain, putative / SCS-alpha, putativeF:succinate-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) activity, metal ion binding;P:response to cadmium ion, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion, cell wall;OBMAFPO.I.H.G.
At5g08570830758pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g09660830825PMDH2 (peroxisomal NAD-malate dehydrogenase 2)encodes a microbody NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase encodes an peroxisomal NAD-malate dehydrogenase that is involved in fatty acid beta-oxidation through providing NAD to the process of converting fatty acyl CoA to acetyl CoA.O.I.H.G.
At5g11380831009DXPS3 (1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase 3)Encodes a protein postulated to have 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase activity.O.I.H.G.
At5g11520831024ASP3 (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 3)Encodes the chloroplastic isozyme of aspartate aminotransferase. Involved in aspartate biosynthesis and nitrogen metabolism. mRNA is expressed in senescing leaves.O.I.H.G.
At5g13110831150G6PD2 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 2)Encodes a plastidic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase that is sensitive to reduction by DTT and whose mRNA is most highly expressed in root.O.I.H.G.
At5g13280831169AK-LYS1 (ASPARTATE KINASE 1)Asp kinase inhibited by Lys and S-adenosylmethionine. Contains regulatory domains that belong to the ACT domain family, which allow binding to a extreme variety of ligands. Can function as a monomer or as a dimer with acetohydroxyacid synthase (HSDH).O.I.H.G.
At5g13420831183transaldolase, putativeF:catalytic activity, transaldolase activity;P:response to cadmium ion;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast;BOPMAFO.I.H.G.
At5g13710831216SMT1 (STEROL METHYLTRANSFERASE 1)SMT1 controls the level of cholesterol in plantsO.I.H.G.
At5g14060831255CARAB-AK-LYSlysine-sensitive aspartate kinaseO.I.H.G.
At5g14590831311isocitrate dehydrogenase, putative / NADP+ isocitrate dehydrogenase, putativeF:isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor;P:isocitrate metabolic process, metabolic process;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast;OBMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g16440831505IPP1 (ISOPENTENYL DIPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE 1)Encodes a protein with isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase activity. There is genetic evidence that it functions in the mevalonate, but not the MEP biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At5g17230831587phytoene synthase (PSY) / geranylgeranyl-diphosphate geranylgeranyl transferaseEncodes phytoene synthase.O.I.H.G.
At5g17990831666TRP1 (tryptophan biosynthesis 1)Encodes the tryptophan biosynthetic enzyme phosphoribosylanthranilate transferase (PAT1, called trpD in bacteria). Converts anthranilate and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate into phosphoribosylanthranilate and inorganic pyrophosphate.O.I.H.G.
At5g19040832023IPT5Encodes cytokinin synthase.O.I.H.G.
At5g19550832075ASP2 (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE 2)Nitrogen metabolism. Major cytosolic isoenzyme controlling aspartate biosynthesis in the light.O.I.H.G.
At5g20980832223ATMS3 (methionine synthase 3)encodes a plastidic methionine synthase, involved in methionine de novo synthesis in the chloroplastO.I.H.G.
At5g23250832389succinyl-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) alpha-chain, mitochondrial, putative / succinyl-CoA synthetase, alpha chain, putative / SCS-alpha, putativeF:succinate-CoA ligase (ADP-forming) activity, succinate-CoA ligase (GDP-forming) activity, binding, ATP citrate synthase activity, catalytic activity;P:metabolic process;C:mitochondrion;OBMAFPO.I.H.G.
At5g24140832479SQP2Encodes a protein with similarity to squalene monoxygenases.O.I.H.G.
At5g24400832511emb2024 (embryo defective 2024)F:6-phosphogluconolactonase activity, catalytic activity;P:embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, carbohydrate metabolic process;C:peroxisome, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast;BOMFPO.I.H.G.
At5g24410832512glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase-relatedF:6-phosphogluconolactonase activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt, pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch, carbohydrate metabolic process;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMFPO.I.H.G.
At5g24420832513glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase-relatedF:6-phosphogluconolactonase activity;P:pentose-phosphate shunt, pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch, carbohydrate metabolic process;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMFPO.I.H.G.
At5g25900832659GA3 (GA REQUIRING 3)Encodes a member of the CYP701A cytochrome p450 family that is involved in later steps of the gibberellin biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
At5g27450832804MK (MEVALONATE KINASE)Encodes a protein with mevalonate kinase activity involved in the mevalonate pathway.O.I.H.G.
At5g282372746023tryptophan synthase, beta subunit, putativeF:pyridoxal phosphate binding, tryptophan synthase activity, catalytic activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process, metabolic process, tryptophan metabolic process;C:unknown;BOAFPMO.I.H.G.
At5g35790833559G6PD1 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 1)Encodes a plastidic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase that is sensitive to reduction by DTT and whose mRNA is more prevalent in developing organs but absent in the root.O.I.H.G.
At5g36150833612ATPEN3 (putative pentacyclic triterpene synthase 3)F:lupeol synthase activity, catalytic activity;P:pentacyclic triterpenoid biosynthetic process;C:cellular_component unknown;BPOFMO.I.H.G.
At5g38450833833CYP735A1member of CYP709AO.I.H.G.
At5g38530833841tryptophan synthase-relatedF:pyridoxal phosphate binding, tryptophan synthase activity, catalytic activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process, metabolic process;C:unknown;BOAFPMO.I.H.G.
At5g40650834065SDH2-2One of three isoforms of the iron-sulfur component of the succinate dehydrogenase complex, a component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II. The product of the nuclear encoded gene is imported into the mitochondrion. Expressed during germination and post-germinative growth.O.I.H.G.
At5g40760834076G6PD6 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 6)Encodes a cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase that is insensitive to reduction by DTT and whose mRNA is expressed ubiquitously.O.I.H.G.
At5g416708341696-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase family proteinF:in 6 functions;P:response to fructose stimulus, response to cadmium ion, response to sucrose stimulus, response to glucose stimulus;C:mitochondrion, chloroplast;BOMPFAVO.I.H.G.
At5g42600834267MRN1 (MARNERAL SYNTHASE)Encodes an oxidosqualene synthase that produces the monocyclic triterpene marneral.O.I.H.G.
At5g42650834273AOS (ALLENE OXIDE SYNTHASE)Encodes a member of the cytochrome p450 CYP74 gene family that functions as an allene oxide synthase. This enzyme catalyzes dehydration of the hydroperoxide to an unstable allene oxide in the JA biosynthetic pathway. It shows a dual catalytic activity, the major one being a 13-AOS but also expressing a 9-AOS activity.O.I.H.G.
At5g42740834283glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, cytosolic (PGIC)F:glucose-6-phosphate isomerase activity;P:response to cadmium ion, gluconeogenesis, glycolysis;C:cellular_component unknown;BOPMFAO.I.H.G.
At5g43330834351malate dehydrogenase, cytosolic, putativeF:in 6 functions;P:cellular carbohydrate metabolic process, glycolysis, malate metabolic process, carbohydrate metabolic process, metabolic process;C:plasma membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g44520834479ribose 5-phosphate isomerase-relatedF:ribose-5-phosphate isomerase activity;P:glucose catabolic process to lactate and acetate, 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate biosynthetic process, reductive pentose-phosphate cycle, D-ribose catabolic process, pentose-phosphate shunt, non-oxidative branch;C:chloroplast;BOAPMFO.I.H.G.
At5g47770834828FPS1 (FARNESYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a protein with farnesyl diphosphate synthase activity.O.I.H.G.
At5g48220834875indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase, putativeF:indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase activity, catalytic activity;P:metabolic process, tryptophan metabolic process;C:chloroplast, chloroplast stroma;BOAFPO.I.H.G.
At5g48880834946PKT2 (PEROXISOMAL 3-KETO-ACYL-COA THIOLASE 2)Encodes a peroxisomal 3-keto-acyl-CoA thiolase 2 precursor. EC2.3.1.16 thiolases. AT5G48880.1 is named PKT1 and AT5G48880.2 is named PKT2.O.I.H.G.
At5g49460835006ACLB-2 (ATP CITRATE LYASE SUBUNIT B 2)One of the two genes encoding subunit B of the cytosolic enzyme ATP Citrate Lyase (ACL)O.I.H.G.
At5g50375835105CPI1 (CYCLOPROPYL ISOMERASE)Converts pentacyclic cyclopropyl sterols to conventional tetracyclic sterols. CPI1 function during and just after division and support gravitropism by establishing polar PIN2 localization. Required for endocytosis of PIN2O.I.H.G.
At5g50850835157MAB1 (MACCI-BOU)F:pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) activity, catalytic activity;P:defense response to bacterium;C:mitochondrion, nucleolus, plasma membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g51810835256GA20OX2 (GIBBERELLIN 20 OXIDASE 2)Encodes gibberellin 20-oxidase. Involved in gibberellin biosynthesis. Up-regulated by far red light in elongating petioles. Not regulated by a circadian clock.O.I.H.G.
At5g52570835334BETA-OHASE 2 (BETA-CAROTENE HYDROXYLASE 2)Converts β-carotene to zeaxanthin via cryptoxanthin.O.I.H.G.
At5g52920835369PKP-BETA1 (PLASTIDIC PYRUVATE KINASE BETA SUBUNIT 1)encodes a dominant chloroplast pyruvate kinase beta subunit. Important for seed oil biosynthesis. Ubiquitously expressed, with significantly increased expression in maturing seeds. The mutant plant has wrinkled seeds, with a 50-70% reduction in seed fatty acid content.O.I.H.G.
At5g54810835571TSB1 (TRYPTOPHAN SYNTHASE BETA-SUBUNIT 1)A.thaliana tryptophan synthase beta subunit (trpB)O.I.H.G.
At5g550708355982-oxoacid dehydrogenase family proteinF:dihydrolipoyllysine-residue succinyltransferase activity, acyltransferase activity;P:response to oxidative stress, metabolic process;C:cytosolic ribosome, mitochondrion;BOMPFVAO.I.H.G.
At5g56350835735pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:glycolysis;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g56630835764PFK7 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 7)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:cytosol, 6-phosphofructokinase complex;BOMFPAVO.I.H.G.
At5g56720835773malate dehydrogenase, cytosolic, putativeF:in 6 functions;P:cellular carbohydrate metabolic process, glycolysis, malate metabolic process, carbohydrate metabolic process, metabolic process;C:membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g57890835900anthranilate synthase beta subunit, putativeF:anthranilate synthase activity;P:tryptophan biosynthetic process, response to bacterium;C:unknown;BOFMAPO.I.H.G.
At5g58330835945malate dehydrogenase (NADP), chloroplast, putativeF:oxidoreductase activity, binding, malate dehydrogenase activity, catalytic activity, malate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity;P:malate metabolic process, carbohydrate metabolic process, metabolic process;C:in 6 components;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g60600836181HDS (4-HYDROXY-3-METHYLBUT-2-ENYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE)Encodes a chloroplast-localized hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate (HMBPP) synthase (HDS), catalyzes the formation of HMBPP from 2-C-methyl-D-erythrytol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate (MEcPP). The HDS enzyme controls the penultimate steps of the biosynthesis of IPP and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) via the MEP pathway and may serve as a metabolic control point for SA-mediated disease resistance. In the light, the electrons required for the reaction catalyzed by HDS are directly provided by the electron flow from photosynthesis via ferredoxin. In the dark however, the enzyme requires an electron shuttle: ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase.O.I.H.G.
At5g61580836279PFK4 (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE 4)F:6-phosphofructokinase activity;P:glycolysis;C:6-phosphofructokinase complex, chloroplast;BOMPFAVO.I.H.G.
At5g62790836400DXR (1-DEOXY-D-XYLULOSE 5-PHOSPHATE REDUCTOISOMERASE)1-Deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR) catalyzes the first committed step of the 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis. In Arabidopsis, DXR is encoded by a single-copy gene. Arabidopsis DXR is targeted to plastids and localizes into chloroplasts of leaf cells. DXR knockout or strongly silenced lines have a seedling lethal, albino phenotype. Transgenic, partially silenced lines expressing 35S:DXR have a variegated phenotype.O.I.H.G.
At5g63680836488pyruvate kinase, putativeF:pyruvate kinase activity, potassium ion binding, magnesium ion binding, catalytic activity;P:response to cadmium ion, glycolysis;C:plasma membrane;BOMPFAO.I.H.G.
At5g65110836635ACX2 (ACYL-COA OXIDASE 2)Encodes an acyl-CoA oxidase presumably involved in long chain fatty acid biosynthesis.O.I.H.G.
At5g65165836640SDH2-3One of three isoforms of the iron-sulfur component of the succinate dehydrogenase complex, a component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II. The product of the nuclear encoded gene is imported into the mitochondrion. Transcripts appear during seed maturation, persist through dessication, are abundant in dry seeds, and markedly decline during germination.O.I.H.G.
At5g657508367042-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E1 component, putative / oxoglutarate decarboxylase, putative / alpha-ketoglutaric dehydrogenase, putativeF:oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, disulfide as acceptor, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring) activity, thiamin pyrophosphate binding;P:response to cadmium ion;C:mitochondrion;OBMFPAO.I.H.G.
At5g65800836709ACS5 (ACC SYNTHASE 5)1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACS) is encoded by a multigene family consisting of at least five members whose expression is induced by hormones, developmental signals, and protein synthesis inhibition.O.I.H.G.
At5g661208367443-dehydroquinate synthase, putativeF:3-dehydroquinate synthase activity, carbon-oxygen lyase activity, acting on phosphates;P:aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process, biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;OBFAPMVO.I.H.G.
At5g66760836809SDH1-1One of two genes in Arabidopsis that encode a flavoprotein subunit of the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase complex.O.I.H.G.
At5g67030836838ABA1 (ABA DEFICIENT 1)Encodes a single copy zeaxanthin epoxidase gene that functions in first step of the biosynthesis of the abiotic stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA). Mutants in this gene are unable to express female sterility in response to beta-aminobutyric acid, as wild type plants do.O.I.H.G.

Comparison with co-expressed genes



Back to the CoP portal site

Back to the KAGIANA project homepage