At2g40840: DPE2 (DISPROPORTIONATING ENZYME 2)

Encodes a cytosolic protein with transglucosidase and amylomaltase activity. It is an essential component of the pathway from starch to sucrose and cellular metabolism in leaves at night. The protein binds to heteroglycans and utilizes glucose, mannose and xylose as acceptors. Fucose and galactose can also act as acceptors but less efficiently than the previous three. It was also was also recently reported to act on maltodextrins. On the other hand, arabinose and fructose were not efficiently used. Its role probably includes metabolizing maltose exported from the chloroplast. Studies using maltose extracted from the double mutant be2-1 be3-2 showed that this enzyme is preferentially active of ��,-maltose.