encodes a member of the CYP705A family of cytochrome P450 enzymes. It appears to catalyze the addition of a double bond to thalian-diol at carbon 15. Reduced levels of THAD expression lead to a build up of thalian-diol in root extracts. thad1-1 mutants also have longer roots than wild type seedlings.
Encodes a member of the CYP708A family of cytochrome P450 enzymes. THAH appears to add a hydroxyl group to the triterpene thalianol. thah1 mutants have an elevated accumulation of thalianol. thah1-1 mutants have longer roots than wild type plants. Thalian-diol and desaturated thalian-diol are lost from the root extracts of thah1-1 mutants. Overexpression of the sequence from At5g48000.1 rescues the thah1-1 mutant phenotype (Field 2008); it is unknown whether the shorter sequences associated with other gene models would provide functional complementation.
Encodes an oxidosqualene cyclase involved in the biosynthesis of thalianol, a tricyclic triterpenoid of unknown function. Overexpression of THAS leads to dwarfing in the aerial tissues of Arabidopsis plants, but increases their root length. THAS is part of a small operon-like cluster of genes (with At5g48000 (THAH) and At5g47990 (THAD)) involved in thalianol metabolism.