Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0048765
Process name The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a root hair cell.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
XAt1g13980837958GN (GNOM)Encodes a GDP/GTP exchange factor for small G-proteins of the ADP ribosylation factor (RAF) class, and as regulator of intracellular trafficking. Homologous to Sec7p and YEC2 from yeast. Involved in the specification of apical-basal pattern formation. Essential for cell division, expansion and adhesion. It appears that heteotypic binding between the DCB and C-terminal domains of two GNOM proteins is required for membrane association, however, GNOM appears to exist predominantly as a heterodimer formed through DCB-DCB interactions.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g03720814899MRH6 (morphogenesis of root hair 6)Involved in root hair developmentO.I.H.G.
XAt2g22475816780GEM (GL2-EXPRESSION MODULATOR)Encodes GL2-expression modulator (GEM). Involved in the spatial control of cell division, patterning and differentiation of Arabidopsis root epidermal cells. GEM interacts with CDT1, a DNA replication protein and TTG1 (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1), a WD40-repeat protein involved in GL2-dependent cell fate decision. GEM seems to participate in the maintenance of a repressor histone H3 epigenetics status of the GL2 and CPC (CAPRICE) promoters.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g38120818390AUX1 (AUXIN RESISTANT 1)Encodes an auxin influx transporter. AUX1 resides at the apical plasma membrane of protophloem cells and at highly dynamic subpopulations of Golgi apparatus and endosomes in all cell types. AUX1 action in the lateral root cap and/or epidermal cells influences lateral root initiation and positioning.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g54870824652MRH2 (MORPHOGENESIS OF ROOT HAIR 2)Armadillo-repeat containing kinesin-related protein. Plays a role during transition to root-hair tip growth.Mutants have short, branched root hairs and an excess of endoplasmic microtubles. Phenotype suggests ARK1 plays a role in modulating microtubule depolymerization during root hair tip growth.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g01060827917CPL3 (CAPRICE-LIKE MYB3)Encodes a Myb-related protein similar to CPC. Involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Mutants have reduced numbers of root hairs and increased trichome branching. Involved in endoreduplication. Loss of function mutants are hypertrophic and early flowering.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g18640827598MRH1 (morphogenesis of root hair 1)Required for root hair elongation during tip growth.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g26690828776SHV3 (SHAVEN 3)Glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase-like protein involved in cell wall cellulose accumulation and pectin linking. Impacts root hair, trichome and epidermal cell development.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g03280831889EIN2 (ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 2)Involved in ethylene signal transduction. Acts downstream of CTR1. Positively regulates ORE1 and negatively regulates mir164A,B,C to regulate leaf senescence.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g49270834987SHV2 (SHAVEN 2)Involved in successfully establishing tip growth in root hairs.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g65090836633BST1 (BRISTLED 1)Encodes a protein involved in root hair morphogenesis and tip growth. Required for restricting both the size of the root-hair initiation site and the width of the root hairs during the transition to tip growth, but, apparently, is not required for normal subsequent tip growth.O.I.H.G.

The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00487640A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for a trichoblast cell to attain its fully functional state.

The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00487663The process by which a protrusion or bulge is formed at the site of plant root hair outgrowth.
GO:004876715The process by which the root hair grows longer.

Comparison with co-expressed genes

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