Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0048527
Process name The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lateral root over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A lateral root is one formed from pericycle cells located on the xylem radius of the root, as opposed to the initiation of the main root from the embryo proper.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
XAt1g08090837327ATNRT2:1 (NITRATE TRANSPORTER 2:1)High-affinity nitrate transporter. Up-regulated by nitrate. Functions as a repressor of lateral root initiation independently of nitrate uptake.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g08100837328NRT2.2 (NITRATE TRANSPORTER 2.2)Encodes a high-affinity nitrate transporter.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g13260837886RAV1Encodes an AP2/B3 domain transcription factor which is upregulated in response to low temperature. It contains a B3 DNA binding domain. It has circadian regulation and may function as a negative growth regulator.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g19220838505ARF19 (AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR 19)Encodes an auxin response factor that contains the conserved VP1-B3 DNA-binding domain at its N-terminus and the Aux/IAA-like domains III and IV present in most ARFs at its C-terminus. The protein interacts with IAA1 (yeast two hybrid) and other auxin response elements such as ER7 and ER9 (yeast one hybrid). ARF19 protein can complement many aspects of the arf7 mutant phenotype and , together with ARF7, is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g21210838716WAK4 (wall associated kinase 4)cell wall-associated ser/thr kinase involved in cell elongation and lateral root developmentO.I.H.G.
XAt1g31880840078BRX (BREVIS RADIX)Belongs to five-member BRX gene family. Arabidopsis BRX genes share high levels of similarity among each others, with several conserved domains. The most distinct is BRX domain - highly conserved in all BRX genes among distantly related species. This protein-protein interaction domain is required and sufficient for BRX activity. BRX encodes a key regulator of cell proliferation and elongation in the root, which has been implicated in the brassinosteroid (BR) pathway as well as regulation of auxin-responsive gene expression. Also involved in cytokinin-mediated inhibition of lateral root initiation. A loss-of-function allele, named brx-2 in Rodrigues et al. (2009) Plant Physiol. but changed to brx-3 to resolve nomenclature conflict (Li et al. Planta 2009:229(3):593-603), shows enhanced response to ABA-mediated inhibition of root growth.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g47200841123WPP2WPP family members contains an NE targeting domain. This domain, called the WPP domain after a highly conserved Trp-Pro-Pro motif, is necessary for NE targeting of WPP1. RNAi suppression of WPP2 resulted in reduced mitotic activity.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g47485841156-Encodes CEP1, a 15-amino-acid peptide, which is mainly expressed in the lateral root primordia. When overexpressed or externally applied, CEP1 arrests root growth. CEP1 is a candidate for a novel peptide plant hormone.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g14210815907AGL44 (AGAMOUS-LIKE 44)MADS box gene, transcription factorO.I.H.G.
XAt2g23430816875ICK1Encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor protein that functions as a negative regulator of cell division and promoter of endoreduplication. A member of seven KRP genes found in Arabidopsis thaliana. Differential expression patterns for distinct KRPs were revealed by in situ hybridization. Both SKP2b and RKP appear to be involved in the degradation of KRP1.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g44900819099armadillo/beta-catenin repeat family protein / F-box family proteinARABIDILLO-1 and its homolog, ARABIDILLO -2, are unique among Arabidopsis Arm-repeat proteins in having an F-box motif and fall into a phylogenetically distinct subgroup from other plant Arm-repeat proteins Similar to arm repeat protein in rice and armadillo/beta-catenin repeat family protein / F-box family protein in Dictyostelium. ARABIDILLO-1 promote lateral root development. Mutant plants form fewer lateral roots, while ARABIDILLO-1-overexpressing lines produce more lateral roots than wild-type seedlings.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g16640820916TCTP (TRANSLATIONALLY CONTROLLED TUMOR PROTEIN)Encodes a protein homologous to translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) from Drosophila. In flies, TCTP functions guanine nucleotide exchange factor in the TOR signaling pathway. TCTP is expressed throughout the plant with highest levels seen in meristematic regions of the shoot and root. Loss of function alleles are not transmitted through the male gametophyte due to defects in pollen tube growth. Hypomorphs, generated through RNAi, are dwarf and have smaller cells. These plants also have defects in lateral and primary root growth as well as root hair growth. The phenotypes are similar to TOR mutants suggesting that TCTP functions in the is pathway in Arabidopsis as well.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g22942825532AGG2 (G-PROTEIN GAMMA SUBUNIT 2)heterotrimeric G-protein gamma subunit 2(AGG2)O.I.H.G.
XAt3g28860822519ABCB19Belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Also known as AtMDR11 and PGP19. Possibly regulates auxin-dependent responses by influencing basipetal auxin transport in the root. Acts upstream of phyA in regulating hypocotyl elongation and gravitropic response. Exerts nonredundant, partially overlapping functions with the ABC transporter encoded by AtPGP1.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g50060824168MYB77Encodes a member of the R2R3 transcription factor gene family. Expressed in response to potassium deprivation and auxin. Involved in lateral root development. Interacts with ARF7 and regulates the expression of some auxin responsive genes.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g63420825517AGG1 (Arabidopsis Ggamma-subunit 1)heterotrimeric G protein gamma-subunit (AGG1) mRNA,O.I.H.G.
XAt4g34460829597AGB1 (GTP BINDING PROTEIN BETA 1)Encodes the heterotrimeric G-protein beta subunit and is involved in organ shape. A significant fraction of the protein is found in the ER. Mutants carrying null alleles express similar fruit phenotypes, as seen in er plants, but differ from er in that the stem is only slightly shorter than that in the wild type, the pedicel is slightly longer than that in the wild type, and the leaves are rounder than those in er mutants. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest expression level found in siliques. It is involved in resistance to Plectosphaerella cucumerina. The predicted protein has two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligaseO.I.H.G.
XAt5g13080831147WRKY75WRKY75 is one of several transcription factors induced during Pi deprivation. It is nuclear localized and regulated differentially during Pi starvation. RNAi mediated suppression of WRKY75 made the plants more susceptible to Pi stress as indicated by the higher accumulation of anthocyanin during Pi starvation.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g20730832196NPH4 (NON-PHOTOTROPHIC HYPOCOTYL)Encodes an auxin-regulated transcriptional activator. Activates expression of IAA1 and IAA9 in the presence of auxin. Mutants affect blue light and gravitropic and auxin mediated growth responses. Together with AUX19, it is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g43070834323WPP1 (WPP domain protein 1)WPP family members contains an NE targeting domain. This domain, called the WPP domain after a highly conserved Trp-Pro-Pro motif, is necessary and sufficient for NE targeting of WPP1. RNAi suppression of WPP1 resulted in reduced mitotic activity.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g45710834610RHA1 (ROOT HANDEDNESS 1)member of Heat Stress Transcription Factor (Hsf) familyO.I.H.G.
SAt1g56010842052NAC1Encodes a transcription factor involved in shoot apical meristem formation and auxin-mediated lateral root formation. The gene is thought not to be involved in stress responses (NaCl, auxins, ethylene). NAC1 (NAC1)O.I.H.G.
SAt3g15170820748CUC1 (CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON1)Encodes a transcription factor involved in shoot apical meristem formation and auxin-mediated lateral root formation. The gene is thought not to be involved in stress responses (NaCl, auxins, ethylene). Cuc mutant was first recognized at the heart stage, where embryos lacking two distinct bulges of cotyledonary primordia were observed.O.I.H.G.



The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:004836481The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the root over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The root is the water- and mineral-absorbing part of a plant which is usually underground, does not bear leaves, tends to grow downwards and is typically derived from the radicle of the embryo.
GO:00485285The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the post-embryonic root over time, from its formation to the mature structure.



The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:001010213The process by which the anatomical structures of lateral root are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. A lateral root is one formed from pericycle cells located on the xylem radius of the root, as opposed to the initiation of the main root from the embryo proper.
GO:00103868The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lateral root primordium over time, which initiates the formation to the mature structure. A lateral root primordium represents an organized group of cells derived from the root pericycle that will differentiate into a new root, as opposed to the initiation of the main root from the embryo proper.





Comparison with co-expressed genes



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