The process by which the anatomical structures of the embryo sac are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The embryo sac develops from the megaspore in heterosporous plants.
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PFS2 encodes a homeodomain gene that is a member of the WUS clade of transcription factors. It delays differentiation and maturation of primordia and regulates ovule patterning. The pfs2 mutant exhibits developmental defects in the maternal integuments and gametophyte, specifically, the boundary between the chalaza and the nucellus shifted towards the distal end of pfs2 ovule primordia. In addition, leaves displayed curling and petals were wavy and crenulated. Overexpression of PFS2 affects floral organ and leaf development. Single- and double-mutant analyses reveal that PFS2 activity represses AGAMOUS expression in young floral primordia. Also involved in regulation of response to low temperature.
The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the embryo sac over time, from its formation as the megaspore to the mature structure. The process begins when three of the four haploid megaspores disintegrate, and the fourth undergoes mitosis giving rise to a binucleate syncytial embryo sac. The two haploid nuclei migrate to the opposite poles of the embryo sac and then undergo two rounds of mitosis generating four haploid nuclei at each pole. One nucleus from each set of four migrates to the center of the cell. Cellularization occurs, resulting in an eight-nucleate seven-celled structure. This structure contains two synergid cells and an egg cell at the micropylar end, and three antipodal cells at the other end. A binucleate endosperm mother cell is formed at the center.
The process by which anatomical structures are generated and organized during the embryonic phase. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The embryonic phase begins with zygote formation. The end of the embryonic phase is organism-specific. For example, it would be at birth for mammals, larval hatching for insects and seed dormancy in plants.