IBM1 likely encodes a protein with histone H3mK9 demethylation activity. It may preferentially demethylate H3mK9 at low-copy loci to protect them from silencing by nearby heterochromatin by preventing the spread of cytosine methylation. BONSAI (At1g73177) is hypermethylated in ibm1 mutants. ibm1 mutants have morphological defects that become apparent at the F3 generation, including small narrow leaves, arrested flower development, and faulty pollen development. These phenotypes cannot result solely from the BONSAI hypermethylation. Aberrant phenotypes in ibm1 mutants in both DNA methylation and plant development can be suppressed by mutations in the KYP H3K9 methyltransferase or he CMT3 non CG-cytosine methylase.
Relative of Early Flowering 6 (REF6) encodes a Jumonji N/C and zinc finger domain-containing protein that acts as a positive regulator of flowering in an FLC-dependent pathway. REF6 mutants have hyperacetylation of histone H4 at the FLC locus. REF6 interacts with BES1 in a Y2H assay and in vitro. REF6 may play a role in brassinoteroid signaling by affecting histone methylation in the promoters of BR-responsive genes. It is most closely related to the JHDM3 subfamily of JmjN/C proteins.
Early Flowering 6 (ELF6) encodes a Jumonji N/C and zinc finger domain-containing protein that acts as a repressor in the photoperiod pathway. ELF6 interacts with BES1 in a Y2H assay, in vitro, and in Arabidosis protoplasts (based on BiFC). ELF6 may play a role in brassinosteroid signaling by affecting histone methylation in the promoters of BR-responsive genes.