Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0010214
Process name The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the seed coat over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
XAt1g09540837480MYB61 (MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN 61)Encodes putative transcription factor. Mutants lack of mucilage extrusion from the seeds during imbibition. Reduced quantities of mucilage are deposited during the development of the seed coat epidermis in myb61 mutants. Expressed in guard cells,loss of function mutations show an increase in stomatal pore opening suggesting a role in ABA independent regulation of stomatal pore size.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g53500841785MUM4 (MUCILAGE-MODIFIED 4)encodes a putative NDP-L-rhamnose synthase, an enzyme required for the synthesis of the pectin rhamnogalacturonan I, the major component of Arabidopsis mucilage. Gene is involved in seed coat mucilage cell development. Mutant analyses suggest that MUM4 is required for complete mucilage synthesis, cytoplasmic rearrangement and seed coat development.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g37260818303TTG2 (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA 2)Encodes a protein similar to WRKY transcription factors that is expressed in the seed integument and endosperm. Mutants are defective in proanthocyanidin synthesis and seed mucilate deposition. Seeds are yellow colored. Seed size is also affected; seeds are reduced in size but only when the mutant allele is transmitted through the female parent.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g13540820556ATMYB5 (MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN 5)Encodes a member of the MYB family of transcriptional regulators. MYB5 act as a negative regulator of trichome branching and play a role in the correct formation of the seed coat and possibly the formation the underlying endosperm layers. Loss of function mutations have defects in seed coat mucilage and columella cells as well as trichome defects (smaller and reduced number of branches).O.I.H.G.
XAt3g20210821565DELTA-VPEEncodes a vacuolar processing enzyme with caspase-1-like activity that is specifically expressed in inner integument of developing seeds. Mutants display abnormal seed coat development. It is speculated to be involved in cell death of limited cell layers, the purpose of which is to form a seed coat.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g49360834996BXL1 (BETA-XYLOSIDASE 1)Encodes a bifunctional {beta}-D-xylosidase/{alpha}-L-arabinofuranosidase required for pectic arabinan modification. Located in the extracellular matrix. Gene is expressed specifically in tissues undergoing secondary wall thickening. This is a member of glycosyl hydrolase family 3 and has six other closely related members.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g58230835935MSI1 (MULTICOPY SUPRESSOR OF IRA1)Encodes a WD-40 repeat containing protein that functions in chromatin assembly as part of the CAF1 and FIE complex. Mutants exhibit parthenogenetic development that includes proliferation of unfertilized endosperm and embryos. In heterozygous plants 50% of embryos abort. Of the aborted embryos the early aborted class are homozygous and the later aborting lass are heterozygotes in which the defective allele is maternally transmitted. Other phenotypes include defects in ovule morphogenesis and organ initiation,as well as increased levels of heterochromatic DNA. MSI1 is needed for the transition to flowering. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. In the ovule, the MSI1 transcripts are accumulated at their highest level before fertilization and gradually decrease after fertilization. MSI is biallelically expressed, the paternall allele is expressed in the endosperm and embryo and is not imprinted. MSI1 forms a complex with RBR1 that is required for activation of the imprinted genes FIS2 and FWA. This activation is mediated by MSI1/RBR1 mediated repression of MET1.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g67360836871ARA12Encodes a subtilisin-like serine protease essential for mucilage release from seed coats.O.I.H.G.



The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:004831631The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the seed over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A seed is a propagating organ formed in the sexual reproductive cycle of gymnosperms and angiosperms, consisting of a protective coat enclosing an embryo and food reserves.
GO:00488560The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an anatomical structure from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. An anatomical structure is any biological entity that occupies space and is distinguished from its surroundings. Anatomical structures can be macroscopic such as a carpel, or microscopic such as an acrosome.



The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00483591The chemical reactions and pathways involving mucilage that occur during seed coat development; mucilage is normally synthesized during seed coat development.





Comparison with co-expressed genes



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