Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0009640
Process name The control of plant growth, development, and differentiation by the duration and nature of light, independent of photosynthesis.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
XAt1g06040837113STO (SALT TOLERANCE)Encodes salt tolerance protein (STO) which confers salt tolerance to yeast cells. Fully complements calcineurin deficient yeast but does not encode a phosphoprotein phosphatase. Sequence has similarities to CONSTANS. STO co-localizes with COP1 and plays a role in light signaling.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g14290837990SBH2 (SPHINGOID BASE HYDROXYLASE 2)Encodes one of the two redundant sphingoid base hydroxylases (SBH). Involved in sphingolipid trihydroxy long-chain base (4-hydroxysphinganine) biosynthesis. Double mutants of SBHs were dwarfed and not able to progress from vegetative to reproductive growth.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g20900838683ESC (ESCAROLA)Encodes an AT hook domain containing protein that acts redundantly with SOB3 to modulate hypocotyl growth inhibition in response to light.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g69640843300SBH1 (SPHINGOID BASE HYDROXYLASE 1)Encodes one of the two redundant sphingoid base hydroxylases (SBH). Involved in sphingolipid trihydroxy long-chain base (4-hydroxysphinganine) biosynthesis. Double mutants of SBHs were dwarfed and not able to progress from vegetative to reproductive growth.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g74660843805MIF1 (MINI ZINC FINGER 1)Constitutive overexpression of MIF1 caused dramatic developmental defects, seedlings were non-responsive to gibberellin (GA) for cell elongation, hypersensitive to the GA synthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol (PAC) and abscisic acid (ABA), and hyposensitive to auxin, brassinosteroid and cytokinin, but normally responsive to ethylene.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g76500843983SOB3 (SUPPRESSOR OF PHYB-4#3)Encodes an AT hook domain containing protein. Identified in a screen of activation tagged lines that suppress the long-hypocotyl phenotype of a weak phyB allele. Affects cell elongation in the hypocotyl and leaves.Acts redundantly with ESC to modulate hypocotyl growth inhibition in response to lightO.I.H.G.
XAt1g79810844320TED3 (REVERSAL OF THE DET PHENOTYPE 3)Dominant suppressor of det1 phenotypes. Encodes a peroxisomal protein essential for Arabidopsis growth. Inserted directly from the cytosol into peroxisomes.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g80730844412ZFP1 (ZINC-FINGER PROTEIN 1)Encodes a zinc finger protein and is expressed at high levels in the shoot apex, including the apical meristem, developing leaves and the developing vascular system. expression induced three days post germination. T-DNA insertion mutant has a dominant phenotype in leaf initiation.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g36910818265ABCB1 (ATP BINDING CASSETTE SUBFAMILY B1)Belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Also known as AtMDR1.Possibly regulates auxin-dependent responses by influencing basipetal auxin transport in the root. Exerts nonredundant, partially overlapping functions with the ABC transporter encoded by AT3G28860. PGP1 mediates cellular efflux of IAA and interacts with PIN genes that may confer an accelerated vectoral component to PGP-mediated transport. The non-polar localization of PGP1 at root and shoot apices, where IAA gradient-driven transport is impaired, may be required to confer directionality to auxin transport in those tissues.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g376785007942FHY1 (FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 1)Positive regulator of photomorphogenesis in far-red light. Most abundant in young seedlings in the dark. Downregulated in the light and older as plants develop. Localized in the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Nuclear localization strongest in the dark. Degraded through the 26S proteasome. Regulated by PHYA. It is specifically required for the light-regulated nuclear accumulation of phyA but not phyB.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g45430819151DNA-binding protein-relatedF:unknown;P:biological_process unknown;C:unknown;PMFBOO.I.H.G.
XAt2g46340819242SPA1 (SUPPRESSOR OF PHYA-105 1)Encodes a member of the SPA (suppressor of phyA-105) protein family (SPA1-SPA4). SPA proteins contain an N-terminal serine/threonine kinase-like motif followed by a coiled-coil structure and a C-terminal WD-repeat domain. SPA1 is a PHYA signaling intermediate, putative regulator of PHYA signaling pathway. Light responsive repressor of photomorphogenesis. Involved in regulating circadian rhythms and flowering time in plants. Under constant light, the abundance of SPA1 protein exhibited circadian regulation, whereas under constant darkness, SPA1 protein levels remained unchanged. In addition, the spa1-3 mutation slightly shortened circadian period of CCA1, TOC1/PRR1 and SPA1 transcript accumulation under constant light.O.I.H.G.
XAt2g46370819244JAR1 (JASMONATE RESISTANT 1)Encodes a jasmonate-amido synthetase that is a member of the GH3 family of proteins. JAR1 catalyzes the formation of a biologically active jasmonyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) conjugate. JA-Ile promotes the interaction between JAZ1 and COI1 in the jasmonate signaling pathway. JAR1 localizes to the cytoplasm and is also a phytochrome A signaling component. JAR1 is an auxin-induced gene. Loss of function mutants are defective in a variety of responses to jasmonic acid. JAR1 has additional enzymatic activities in vitro, (e.g. the ability to synthesize adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate and other JA conjugates), but there are no data to show whether JAR1 catalyzes many of these reactions in vivo. JAR1 is involved in pathogen defense, sensitivity to ozone, and wound responses.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g02260820398BIG (BIG)Calossin-like protein required for polar auxin transportO.I.H.G.
XAt3g28860822519ABCB19Belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Also known as AtMDR11 and PGP19. Possibly regulates auxin-dependent responses by influencing basipetal auxin transport in the root. Acts upstream of phyA in regulating hypocotyl elongation and gravitropic response. Exerts nonredundant, partially overlapping functions with the ABC transporter encoded by AtPGP1.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g48780824039SPT1 (SERINE PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE 1)Encodes one of the two LCB2 subunits (LCB2a and LCB2b) of serine palmitoyltransferase, an enzyme involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis. LCB2a and LCB2b are functional redundant. Double mutants are gametophytic lethal.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g54720824637AMP1 (ALTERED MERISTEM PROGRAM 1)Encodes glutamate carboxypeptidase. Various alleles show-increased cotyledon number and rate of leaf initiation, show transformation of leaves to cotyledons, altered flowering time and photomorphogenesis and an increased level of cytokinin biosynthesis. Involved in ethylene enhanced hypocotyl elongation in the light. Strong genetic interaction between TGH and AMP1.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g55370824703OBP3 (OBF-BINDING PROTEIN 3)Encodes a nuclear localized Dof domain containing transcription factor expressed primarily in roots. Responsive to salicylic acid. Transgenic overexpressors have yellow leaves and short, defective roots.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g57290824896EIF3E (EUKARYOTIC TRANSLATION INITIATION FACTOR 3E)Encodes a protein that is found in not only the eif3 complex but also in association with subunits of the COP9 signalosome. eIF3e appears to be subjected to proteasome-dependent degradation that requires the PCI domain of eIF3e. The level of eIF3e present in cells appears to affect the rate of translation.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g08920826470CRY1 (CRYPTOCHROME 1)Encodes CRY1, a flavin-type blue-light photoreceptor with ATP binding and autophosphorylation activity. The photoreceptor may be involved in electron transport. Mutant phenotype displays a blue light-dependent inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. Photoreceptor activity requires light-induced homodimerisation of the N-terminal CNT1 domains of CRY1. Involved in blue-light induced stomatal opening. The C-terminal domain of the protein undergoes a light dependent conformational change. Also involved in response to circadian rhythm. Mutants exhibit long hypocotyl under blue light and are out of phase in their response to circadian rhythm. CRY1 is present in the nucleus and cytoplasm. Different subcellular pools of CRY1 have different functions during photomorphogenesis of Arabidopsis seedlings.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g32700829406--O.I.H.G.
XAt4g32980829435ATH1 (ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA HOMEOBOX GENE 1)Encodes transcription factor involved in photomorphogenesis. Regulates gibberellin biosynthesis. Activated by AGAMOUS in a cal-1, ap1-1 background. Expressed at low levels in developing stamens. Increased levels of ATH1 severely delay flowering in the C24 accession. Most remarkably, ectopically expressed ATH1 hardly had an effect on flowering time in the Col-0 and Ler accessions. ATH1 physically interacts with STM, BP and KNAT6 and enhances the shoot apical meristem defect of some of these genes suggesting a role in SAM maintenance. Nuclear localization is dependent upon interaction with STM.O.I.H.G.
XAt4g37580829913HLS1 (HOOKLESS 1)involved in apical hook development. putative N-acetyltransferaseO.I.H.G.
XAt5g23670832432LCB2Encodes the LCB2 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase, an enzyme involved in sphingosine biosynthesis. The protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g24470832518APRR5 (ARABIDOPSIS PSEUDO-RESPONSE REGULATOR 5)Encodes a pseudo-response regulator whose mutation affects various circadian-associated biological events such as flowering time in the long-day photoperiod conditions, red light sensitivity of seedlings during early photomorphogenesis, and the period of free-running rhythms of certain clock-controlled genes including CCA1 and APRR1/TOC1 in constant white light.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g46210834663CUL4 (CULLIN4)Arabidopsis CULLIN4 (CUL4) forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase with the CDD complex and a common catalytic subunit RBX1 in mediating light control of development. This CUL4-based E3 ligase is essential for the repression of photomorphogenesis. The partial loss of CUL4 function resulted in a constitutive photomorphogenic phenotype with respect to morphogenesis and light-regulated gene expression. CUL4 exhibits a synergistic genetic interaction with COP10 and DET1.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g48150834867PAT1 (phytochrome a signal transduction 1)Member of GRAS gene family. Semi-dominant mutant has a reduced response to far-red light and appears to act early in the phytochrome A signaling pathway.O.I.H.G.
XAt5g64813836603LIP1 (Light Insensitive Period1)The LIP1 gene encodes a small GTPase that influences the light input pathway of the plant circadian network. An MBP:LIP1 fusion protein has GTP hydrolyzing abilities in vitro. In plants, LIP1 seems to play a negative role in regulating circadian period that can be suppressed by light. LIP1 also seems to negatively affect light-pulse-dependent resetting of the clock, especially during the first portion of the subjective evening. LIP1 expression levels are not significantly affected by the circadian clock in seedlings grown under LL conditions. The levels of the YFP:LIP1 protein expressed under the control of the 35S promoter, shows a low amplitude variation, with protein levels peaking near the beginning of subjective night under LL conditions. In hypocotyl epidermal cells of dark and light-grown seedlings, a YFP:LIP1 fusion protein can be seen in the cytoplasm and the nucleus, and does not cluster in nuclear speckles. LIP1 may also be involved in photomorphogenesis.O.I.H.G.
SAt1g02090839241FUS5 (FUSCA 5)encodes a phosphoprotein that is a subunit of the COP9 signalosome. Mutants exhibit constitutive photomorphogenic phenotype.O.I.H.G.
SAt1g22920838899CSN5A (COP9 SIGNALOSOME 5A)AJH1 encodes a protein similar to JAB1, a specific mammalian coactivator of AP-1 transcription. Encodes a subunit of the COP9 complex that is involved in protein deneddylation. Plants with mutations in CSN5A and CSN5B have a de-etiolated phenotype.O.I.H.G.
SAt1g71230843463CSN5B (COP9-SIGNALOSOME 5B)Encodes a subunit of the COP9 complex, similar to JAB1, a specific mammalian coactivator of AP-1 transcription. Involved in protein deneddylation. Double mutants with CSN5A are constitutively photomorphogenic (de-etiolated) and have abnormal auxin responses.O.I.H.G.
SAt1g73590843693PIN1 (PIN-FORMED 1)Encodes an auxin efflux carrier involved in shoot and root development. It is involved in the maintenance of embryonic auxin gradients. Loss of function severely affects organ initiation, pin1 mutants are characterised by an inflorescence meristem that does not initiate any flowers, resulting in the formation of a naked inflorescence stem. PIN1 is involved in the determination of leaf shape by actively promoting development of leaf margin serrations. In roots, the protein mainly resides at the basal end of the vascular cells, but weak signals can be detected in the epidermis and the cortex. Expression levels and polarity of this auxin efflux carrier change during primordium development suggesting that cycles of auxin build-up and depletion accompany, and may direct, different stages of primordium development. PIN1 action on plant development does not strictly require function of PGP1 and PGP19 proteins.O.I.H.G.
SAt2g26990817241FUS12 (FUSCA 12)Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark.O.I.H.G.
SAt2g32950817857COP1 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1)Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. Contains a ring finger zinc-binding motif, a coiled-coil domain, and several WD-40 repeats, similar to G-beta proteins. The C-terminus has homology to TAFII80, a subunit of the TFIID component of the RNA polymerase II of Drosophila. Nuclear localization in the dark and cytoplasmic in the light.O.I.H.G.
SAt3g61140825286FUS6 (FUSCA 6)Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. Component of the nuclear-localized COP9 complex. Mutants display striking purple coloration due to anthocyanin accumulation in their cotyledons, first become defective during embryogenesis and exhibit limited seedling development.O.I.H.G.
SAt4g14110827049COP9 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 9)Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. A component of the COP9 signalosome complex.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g11260830996HY5 (ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5)Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor. Nuclear localization. Involved in light-regulated transcriptional activation of G-box-containing promoters. Negatively regulated by Cop1. Although cytokinins do not appear to affect the gene's promoter activity, they appear to stabilize the protein. HY5 plays a role in anthocyanin accumulation in far-red light and blue light, but not in red light or in the dark. Mutant studies showed that the gene product is involved in the positive regulation of the PHYA-mediated inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. Binds to G- and Z-boxes, and other ACEs, but not to E-box. Loss of function mutation shows ABA resistant seedling phenotypes suggesting involvement for HY5 in mediating ABA responses. Binds to the promoter of ABI5 and regulates its expression.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g14250831275COP13 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 13)Encodes subunit 3 of the COP9 signalosome.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g42970834312COP8 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 8)encodes subunit 4 of COP9 signalosome complex. sequence is similar to a subunit of the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome. recessive mutation causes derepression of photomorphogenesis.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g56280835727CSN6Aone of two genes encoding subunit 6 of COP9 signalosome complex. Protein contains a MPR1p and PAD1p N-terminal (MPN) domain at the N-terminal region and belongs to the Mov34 superfamily. Mutant and antisense expression result in a number of developmental defects and in ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated protein degradation.O.I.H.G.



The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:000963933A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red or far red light stimulus. Red light is electromagnetic radiation of wavelength of 580-700nm. Far red light is electromagnetic radiation of wavelength 700-800nm. An example of this response is seen at the beginning of many plant species developmental stages. These include germination, and the point when cotyledon expansion is triggered. In certain species these processes take place in response to absorption of red light by the pigment molecule phytochrome, but the signal can be reversed by exposure to far red light. During the initial phase the phytochrome molecule is only present in the red light absorbing form, but on absorption of red light it changes to a far red light absorbing form, triggering progress through development. An immediate short period of exposure to far red light entirely returns the pigment to its initial state and prevents triggering of the developmental process. A thirty minute break between red and subsequent far red light exposure renders the red light effect irreversible, and development then occurs regardless of whether far red light exposure subsequently occurs.
GO:000979115The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the organism over time, from the completion of embryonic development to the mature structure. See embryonic development.



The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00097046The greening response of plants grown in the dark (etiolated) as a result of chloroplast biogenesis and the accumulation of chlorophyll.





Comparison with co-expressed genes



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