Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0008299
Process name The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any isoprenoid compound, isoprene (2-methylbuta-1,3-diene) or compounds containing or derived from linked isoprene (3-methyl-2-butenylene) residues.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
SAt1g49530841377GGPS6 (geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase 6)encodes a mitochondria-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
SAt1g76490843982HMG1 (HYDROXY METHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASE 1)Encodes a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which is involved in melavonate biosynthesis and performs the first committed step in isoprenoid biosynthesis. Expression is activated in dark in leaf tissue but not controlled by light in the root (confineO.I.H.G.
SAt2g17370816244HMG2 (3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA REDUCTASE 2)Encodes a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) that is involved in the synthesis of sterol and triterpenoid compounds.O.I.H.G.
SAt2g18640816379GGPS4 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 4)Encodes an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
SAt2g23800816912GGPS2 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 2)encodes an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthaseO.I.H.G.
SAt3g02780820960IPP2 (ISOPENTENYL PYROPHOSPHATE:DIMETHYLALLYL PYROPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE 2)Encodes a protein with isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase activity. There is genetic evidence that it functions in the mevalonate, but not the MEP biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
SAt3g14550820681GGPS3 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 3)Encodes a protein with geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase activity involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis. The enzyme appears to be targeted to the chloroplast in epidermal cells and guard cells of leaves, and in etioplasts in roots.O.I.H.G.
SAt4g36810829834GGPS1 (GERANYLGERANYL PYROPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a protein with geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase activity involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis. The enzyme appears to be targeted to the chloroplast in epidermal cells and guard cells of leaves, and in etioplasts in roots.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g16440831505IPP1 (ISOPENTENYL DIPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE 1)Encodes a protein with isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase activity. There is genetic evidence that it functions in the mevalonate, but not the MEP biosynthetic pathway.O.I.H.G.
SAt5g62790836400DXR (1-DEOXY-D-XYLULOSE 5-PHOSPHATE REDUCTOISOMERASE)1-Deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR) catalyzes the first committed step of the 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis. In Arabidopsis, DXR is encoded by a single-copy gene. Arabidopsis DXR is targeted to plastids and localizes into chloroplasts of leaf cells. DXR knockout or strongly silenced lines have a seedling lethal, albino phenotype. Transgenic, partially silenced lines expressing 35S:DXR have a variegated phenotype.O.I.H.G.
CAt3g14510820674geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
CAt3g14530820678geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:farnesyltranstransferase activity;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
CAt3g20160821560geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:farnesyltranstransferase activity;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
CAt5g60600836181HDS (4-HYDROXY-3-METHYLBUT-2-ENYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE)Encodes a chloroplast-localized hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate (HMBPP) synthase (HDS), catalyzes the formation of HMBPP from 2-C-methyl-D-erythrytol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate (MEcPP). The HDS enzyme controls the penultimate steps of the biosynthesis of IPP and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) via the MEP pathway and may serve as a metabolic control point for SA-mediated disease resistance. In the light, the electrons required for the reaction catalyzed by HDS are directly provided by the electron flow from photosynthesis via ferredoxin. In the dark however, the enzyme requires an electron shuttle: ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase.O.I.H.G.
LAt2g18620816377geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBPFAMVO.I.H.G.
LAt3g29430822604geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBFPMAVO.I.H.G.
LAt3g32040822957geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, putative / GGPP synthetase, putative / farnesyltranstransferase, putativeF:unknown;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:unknown;OBPFMAVO.I.H.G.
LAt3g54250824592mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase, putativeF:diphosphomevalonate decarboxylase activity, kinase activity, ATP binding;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process, phosphorylation;C:cellular_component unknown;BOMFPAO.I.H.G.
LAt4g38460830002GGR (geranylgeranyl reductase)F:farnesyltranstransferase activity;P:isoprenoid biosynthetic process;C:chloroplast;BOPAMFVO.I.H.G.
LAt5g27450832804MK (MEVALONATE KINASE)Encodes a protein with mevalonate kinase activity involved in the mevalonate pathway.O.I.H.G.
LAt5g47770834828FPS1 (FARNESYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE 1)Encodes a protein with farnesyl diphosphate synthase activity.O.I.H.G.



The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00067200The chemical reactions and pathways involving isoprenoid compounds, isoprene (2-methylbuta-1,3-diene) or compounds containing or derived from linked isoprene (3-methyl-2-butenylene) residues.
GO:000861012The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of lipids, compounds soluble in an organic solvent but not, or sparingly, in an aqueous solvent.
GO:00442496The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances, carried out by individual cells.



The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00092401The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of isopentenyl diphosphate, an isomer of dimethylallyl diphosphate and the key precursor of all isoprenoids.
GO:00160910The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of prenols, isoprenoids of general formula (H-CH2-C(CH3)=CH-CH2-)n-OH, any primary monohydroxy alcohol whose carbon skeleton consists of two or more isoprenoid residues linked head to tail.
GO:00161142The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure.
GO:00352380The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any of the vitamin A compounds, retinol, retinal (retinaldehyde) and retinoic acid. Animals can not synthesize vitamin A de novo, but form it through oxidative cleavage of carotenoids.
GO:00436120The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of isoprene, C5H8.
GO:00462461The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons made up of isoprene units.





Comparison with co-expressed genes



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