Biological process to genes

Query process ID GO:0009653
Process name The process by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana

Click Gene ID to show a list of co-expressed genes.

ECC Gene ID Repr. ID Gene name Functional description O.I. H.G. Other DB
XAt1g65380842849CLV2 (clavata 2)Receptor-like protein containing leucine-rich repeats. Regulates both meristem and organ development in Arabidopsis.O.I.H.G.
XAt1g77850844120ARF17 (AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR 17)Posttranscriptionally regulated by miR160 and is essential for proper development.Regulates early auxin response genes.O.I.H.G.
XAt3g60830825254ATARP7 (ACTIN-RELATED PROTEIN 7)Encodes an actin-related protein required for normal embryogenesis, plant architecture and floral organ abscission.O.I.H.G.
SAt3g27010822318AT-TCP20Belongs to a TCP protein transcription factor family. Members of this family contain a predicted basic-helix-loop-helix domain involved in DNA binding. Related to rice PCF1 and PCF2 genes. Binds to the GCCCR element of CYCB1;1. Involved in regulation of expression of cell cycle control and ribosomal protein genes.O.I.H.G.



The upper GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00325027A biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an integrated living unit: an anatomical structure (which may be a subcellular structure, cell, tissue, or organ), or organism over time from an initial condition to a later condition.
GO:00488560The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an anatomical structure from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. An anatomical structure is any biological entity that occupies space and is distinguished from its surroundings. Anatomical structures can be macroscopic such as a carpel, or microscopic such as an acrosome.



The lower GO terms

Process ID Gene number Process name
GO:00017630The process by which the anatomical structures of branches are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. A branch is a division or offshoot from a main stem. Examples in animals would include blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics and other endothelial or epithelial tubes.
GO:00019460Lymph vessel formation when new vessels emerge from the proliferation of pre-existing vessels.
GO:00020890The process by which the anatomical structures of the lens are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The lens is a transparent structure in the eye through which light is focused onto the retina. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
GO:00031420The process by which the anatomical structures of the cardiogenic plate are generated and organized. The cardiogenic plate is the first recognizable structure derived from the heart field.
GO:00031490The process by which the membranous septum is generated and organized. The membranous septum is the upper part of ventricular septum. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00031500The process by which the muscular septum is generated and organized. The muscular septum is the lower part of the ventricular septum.
GO:00031510The process by which the anatomical structures of the outflow tract are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The outflow tract is the portion of the heart through which blood flows into the arteries.
GO:00031790The process by which the structure of a heart valve is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00032060The process by which a cardiac chamber is generated and organized. A cardiac chamber is an enclosed cavity within the heart.
GO:00071641Coordinated organization of groups of cells in a tissue, such that they all orient to similar coordinates.
GO:00073960Closure of the dorsal hole. Filopodia extending from each leading edge interdigitate at the dorsal midline and appear to prime the formation of adherens junctions between the two rows of leading edge cells. Newly formed septate junctions are also used to seal the dorsal hole.
GO:00074400The process by which the anatomical structures of the foregut are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00074420The process by which the anatomical structures of the hindgut are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00074750The coming together of the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the imaginal disc-derived wing during the conversion of a folded single layered wing disc to a flat bilayered wing.
GO:00074900The process by which the anatomical structures of the tergite are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The tergite is the primary plate or sclerite forming the dorsal surface of any insect body segment.
GO:00074910The process by which the anatomical structures of the sternite are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The sternite is the plate or sclerite on the underside of a body segment.
GO:00075520A biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's form or structure. For example the change from tadpole to frog, and the change from larva to adult. An example of this is found in Drosophila melanogaster.
GO:00075610The eversion (turning inside out) of imaginal discs from their peripodial sacs, resulting in movement of the epithelium to the outside of the larval epidermis.
GO:00085860The process by which anatomical structures of the veins on an imaginal disc-derived wing are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00085870The process by which the anatomical structures of the imaginal disc-derived wing margin are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The wing margin is a strip of cells in the third instar disc at the boundary between the presumptive dorsal and ventral surfaces of the wing blade.
GO:00098860The process, occurring after embryonic development, by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:000988719Morphogenesis of an organ. An organ is defined as a tissue or set of tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Morphogenesis is the process by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions.
GO:00100156The process by which the anatomical structures of roots are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The root is the usually underground part of a seed plant body that originates from the hypocotyl, functions as an organ of absorption, aeration, and food storage or as a means of anchorage and support.
GO:00100168The process by which the anatomical structures of the shoot are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The shoot is the part of a seed plant body that is usually above ground.
GO:00101039The process by which the anatomical structures of the stomatal complex are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The stomatal complex is the stomatal guard cells and their associated epidermal cells.
GO:00101710The process by which the anatomical structures of the soma are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00107820The process by which the anatomical structures of the proboscis that are derived from the labial disc are generated and organized.
GO:00107830The process by which the anatomical structures of the proboscis that are derived from the eye-antennal disc are generated and organized.
GO:00107840The process by which the anatomical structures of the proboscis that are derived from the clypeo-labral disc are generated and organized.
GO:00215510The process by which the anatomical structure of the central nervous system is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The central nervous system is the core nervous system that serves an integrating and coordinating function. In vertebrates it consists of the brain, spinal cord and spinal nerves. In those invertebrates with a central nervous system it typically consists of a brain, cerebral ganglia and a nerve cord.
GO:00215550The process by which the anatomical structure of the midbrain-hindbrain boundary is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The midbrain-hindbrain domain of the embryonic brain is comprised of the mesencephalic vesicle and the first rhombencephalic vesicle at early somitogenesis stages. An organizing center at the boundary patterns the midbrain and hindbrain primordia of the neural plate.
GO:00215750The process by which the anatomical structure of the hindbrain is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The hindbrain is the region consisting of the medulla, pons and cerebellum. Areas of the hindbrain control motor and autonomic functions.
GO:00215790The process by which the anatomical structure of the medulla oblongata is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The medulla oblongata lies directly above the spinal cord and controls vital autonomic functions such as digestion, breathing and the control of heart rate.
GO:00215830The process by which the anatomical structure of the pons is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The pons lies above the medulla and next to the cerebellum. The pons conveys information about movement from the cerebral hemisphere to the cerebellum.
GO:00215870The process by which the anatomical structure of the cerebellum is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The cerebellum is the portion of the brain in the back of the head between the cerebrum and the pons. The cerebellum controls balance for walking and standing, modulates the force and range of movement and is involved in the learning of motor skills.
GO:00215930The process by which the anatomical structure of the rhombomere is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. Rhombomeres are transverse segments of the developing rhombencephalon. Rhombomeres are lineage restricted, express different genes from one another, and adopt different developmental fates.
GO:00216020The process by which the anatomical structure of the cranial nerves are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The cranial nerves are composed of twelve pairs of nerves that emanate from the nervous tissue of the hindbrain. These nerves are sensory, motor, or mixed in nature, and provide the motor and general sensory innervation of the head, neck and viscera. They mediate vision, hearing, olfaction and taste and carry the parasympathetic innervation of the autonomic ganglia that control visceral functions.
GO:00216830The process by which the anatomical structure of the cerebellar granular layer is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The granular layer is the innermost layer of the cerebellar cortex. This layer contains densely packed small neurons, mostly granule cells. Some Golgi cells are found at the outer border. Granule neurons send parallel fibers to the upper molecular layer, where they synapse with Purkinje cell dendrites. Mossy fibers from the pontine nuclei in the white matter synapse with granule cell axons, Golgi cell axons and unipolar brush interneuron axons at cerebellar glomeruli in the granule cell layer.
GO:00216870The process by which the anatomical structure of the cerebellar molecular layer is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The molecular layer is the outermost layer of the cerebellar cortex. It contains the parallel fibers of the granule cells, interneurons such as stellate and basket cells, and the dendrites of the underlying Purkinje cells.
GO:00216920The process by which the anatomical structure of the cerebellar Purkinje cell layer is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The Purkinje cell layer lies just underneath the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex. It contains the neuronal cell bodies of the Purkinje cells that are arranged side by side in a single layer. Candelabrum interneurons are vertically oriented between the Purkinje cells. Purkinje neurons are inhibitory and provide the output of the cerebellar cortex through axons that project into the white matter. Extensive dendritic trees from the Purkinje cells extend upward in a single plane into the molecular layer where they synapse with parallel fibers of granule cells.
GO:00216960The process by which the anatomical structure of the cranial nerves are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The cerebellar cortex is a thin mantle of gray matter that covers the surface of each cerebral hemisphere. It has a characteristic morphology with convolutions (gyri) and crevices (sulci) that have specific functions. Six layers of nerve cells and the nerve pathways that connect them comprise the cerebellar cortex. Together, these regions are responsible for the processes of conscious thought, perception, emotion and memory as well as advanced motor function.
GO:00217040The process by which the anatomical structure of the locus ceruleus is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. In mice, the locus ceruleus is a dense cluster of neurons within the dorsorostral pons. This nucleus is the major location of neurons that release norepinephrine throughout the brain, and is responsible for physiological responses to stress and panic.
GO:00217140The process by which the anatomical structure of the inferior olivary nucleus is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The inferior olivary nucleus is a capsule-shaped structure in the ventral medulla located just lateral and dorsal to the medullary pyramids. Neurons in the inferior olivary nucleus are the source of climbing fiber input to the cerebellar cortex; these neurons have been implicated in various functions, such as learning and timing of movements.
GO:00217190The process by which the anatomical structure of the superior olivary nucleus is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. In mice, the superior olivary nucleus is a small cylindrical mass on the dorsal surface of the lateral part of the trapezoid body of the pons, and it is situated immediately above the inferior olivary nucleus. It receives projections from the cochlear nucleus and thus is involved in the perception of sound.
GO:00219960The process whereby the anterior-most portion of the neural axis is formed by closure of the anterior neuropore.
GO:00226120The process by which the anatomical structures of a gland are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00310690The process by which the anatomical structures of the hair follicle are generated and organized.
GO:00310990The regrowth of a lost or destroyed body part, such as an organ or tissue.
GO:00312880The process by which the sorocarp is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. An example of this process is found in Dictyostelium discoideum.
GO:00324740The process by which the anatomical structures of an otolith are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00329890The process by which cellular structures, including whole cells or cell parts, are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00351070The process by which the anatomical structures of appendages are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. An appendage is an organ or part that is attached to the trunk of an organism. For example a limb or a branch.
GO:00351110The process by which the anatomical structures of leg joint are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The leg joint is a flexible region that separates the rigid sections of a leg to allow movement in a controlled manner. For example the knee, which separates the leg tibia and femur.
GO:00351210The process by which the anatomical structures of the tail are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The tail is the hindmost part of some animals.
GO:00352390The process by which the anatomical structures of a tube are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. Epithelial and endothelial tubes transport gases, liquids and cells from one site to another and form the basic structure of many organs and tissues, with tube shape and organization varying from the single-celled excretory organ in Caenorhabditis elegans to the branching trees of the mammalian kidney and insect tracheal system.
GO:00352770The process by which the anatomical structures of a spiracle are generated and organized. Spiracles are the openings in the insect open tracheal system; externally they connect to the epidermis and internally they connect to the tracheal trunk.
GO:00424720The process by which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
GO:00424730The process by which the anatomical structures of the outer ear are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The outer ear is the part of the ear external to the tympanum (eardrum). It consists of a tube (the external auditory meatus) that directs sound waves on to the tympanum, and may also include the external pinna, which extends beyond the skull.
GO:00424740The process by which the anatomical structures of middle ear are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The middle ear is the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear (via the oval window).
GO:00465280The process following disc eversion whereby imaginal discs fuse with adjacent disc derivatives to form a continuous adult epidermis.
GO:00465290The joining of the parts of the wing imaginal discs, giving rise to the adult thorax.
GO:00482811The process by which the anatomical structures of inflorescences are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. An inflorescence is the part of a seed plant body that is usually above ground and that can bear flowers.
GO:00483171The process by which the anatomical structures of the seed are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00484571The process by which the anatomical structures of the floral whorl are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00484822The process by which the anatomical structures of the ovule are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The ovule is the structure in seed plants enclosing the female gametophyte, and is composed of the nucellus, one or two integuments, and the funiculus; it develops into the seed.
GO:00485320The process that gives rise to the configuration of the constituent parts of an anatomical structure. This process pertains to the physical shaping of a rudimentary structure. Anatomical structures can be macroscopic such as a carpel, or microscopic such as an acrosome.
GO:00485470The process by which the anatomical structures of the gut are generated and organized. The gut is the region of the digestive tract extending from the beginning of the intestines to the anus.
GO:00485600The process that determines the orientation of an anatomical structure with reference to an axis.
GO:00485982The process by which anatomical structures are generated and organized during the embryonic phase. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The embryonic phase begins with zygote formation. The end of the embryonic phase is organism-specific. For example, it would be at birth for mammals, larval hatching for insects and seed dormancy in plants.
GO:00486460The developmental process pertaining to the initial formation of an anatomical structure from unspecified parts. This process begins with the specific processes that contribute to the appearance of the discrete structure and ends when the structural rudiment is recognizable. An anatomical structure is any biological entity that occupies space and is distinguished from its surroundings. Anatomical structures can be macroscopic such as a carpel, or microscopic such as an acrosome.
GO:00486551The process by which the anatomical structures of the tapetal layer are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The tapetum is a layer of cells that provides a source of nutrition for the pollen grains as they mature.
GO:00487160The process by which the anatomical structures of labrum are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487170The process by which the anatomical structures of anterior cibarial plate are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487190The process by which the anatomical structures of epistomal sclerite are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487200The process by which the anatomical structures of posterior cibarial plate are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487210The process by which the anatomical structures of clypeus are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487290The process by which the anatomical structures of a tissue are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487500The process by which the anatomical structures of the compound eye corneal lens are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00487980The expansion of the swim bladder by trapped gases. The swim bladder is used by some fishes to maintain buoyancy and may function in addition as a sound producing organ, a sound receptor, and a respiratory organ.
GO:00488000The process by which the anatomical structures of antenna are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00488010The process by which the anatomical structures of the antennal joint are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00488020The process by which the anatomical structures of dorsal part of the body are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00488090The process by which the anatomical structures of analia are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The analia is the posterior-most vertral appendage that develops from the genital disc. An example of this process is analia morphogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster.
GO:00488160The process by which the anatomical structures of the ocellus are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The ocellus is a simple visual organ of insects.
GO:00488480The process by which the anatomical structures of neurohypophysis are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The neurohypophysis is the part of the pituitary gland that secretes hormones involved in blood pressure regulation.
GO:00488500The process by which the anatomical structures of the hypophysis are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland that secretes hormones that regulate many other glands.
GO:00488520The process by which the anatomical structures of diencephalon are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The diencephalon is the paired caudal parts of the prosencephalon from which the thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus and subthalamus are derived; these regions regulate autonomic, visceral and endocrine function, and process information directed to the cerebral cortex.
GO:00488530The process by which the anatomical structures of the forebrain are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The forebrain is the anterior of the three primary divisions of the developing chordate brain or the corresponding part of the adult brain (in vertebrates, includes especially the cerebral hemispheres, the thalamus, and the hypothalamus and especially in higher vertebrates is the main control center for sensory and associative information processing, visceral functions, and voluntary motor functions).
GO:00488550The process by which the anatomical structures of the adenohypophysis are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The adenohypophysis is the anterior part of the pituitary. It secretes a variety of hormones and its function is regulated by the hypothalamus.
GO:00600330The developmental process by which an anatomical stucture is destroyed as a part of its normal progression.
GO:00600420The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00603230The process by which the anatomical structures of the head are generated and organized. The head is the anterior-most division of the body.
GO:00603250The process by which the anatomical structures of the face are generated and organized. The face is the ventral division of the head.
GO:00603490The process by which bones are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00603630The process by which the cranial suture is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00604110The process by which the anatomical structure of a cardiac septum is generated and organized. A cardiac septum is a partition that separates parts of the heart.
GO:00604360The process by which a bronchiole is generated and organized. A bronchiole is the first airway branch that no longer contains cartilage; it is a branch of the bronchi.
GO:00604630The process by which the anatomical structures of a lung lobe are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. A lung lobe is a projection that extends from the lung.
GO:00605600The increase in size or mass of an anatomical structure that contributes to the structure attaining its shape.
GO:00605610The process of apoptosis that contributes to the shaping of an anatomical structure.
GO:00606580The process by which the nipple is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00606750The process by which the ureteric bud is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
GO:00607130The process by which the labyrinthine layer of the placenta is generated and organized.
GO:00607410The process by which the prostate gland stroma is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The prostate gland stroma is made up of the mesenchymal or fibroblast cells of the prostate gland.
GO:00607940The process by which the anatomical structures of the leaflet are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.





Comparison with co-expressed genes



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