Encodes a SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase that upregulates transcription of all three CUC genes and is involved in the formation and/or maintenance of boundary cells during embryogenesis. Also mediates repression of expression of seed storage proteins in vegetative tissues. Interacts strongly with AtSWI3C, also with AtSWI3B, but not with AtSWI3A or AtSWI3D.
Member of the MAP215 family of microtubule-associated proteins required to establish interphase arrays of cortical microtubules.Mutants have defects in cytokinesis during pollen development. Vegetative phenotypes observed in temperature sensitive mutants include left-handed organ twisting, isotropic cell expansion and impairment of root hair polarity.
Encodes a SWI2/SNF2-like protein in the SNF2 subclass. Homozygous plants with null mutations exhibit premature termination of the meristem and carpelloid structures from the inflorescence meristem. Co-activator of floral homeotic gene expression. Acts with LFY to regulate shoot apical meristem identity. Required for meristem maintenance. Regulates flowering under a non-inductive photoperiod. It promotes the expression of CUC2 during cotyledon boundary formation. Affects reproductive shoot apical meristem function by regulating the expression of WUS. In CHiP experiments SYD binds to WUS promoter. Present as two forms in the nucleus, full-length and truncated, with the latter apparently lacking the C-terminal domain. The ratio of the two forms differs in juvenile and in adult tissues. The C-terminal domain is not required for activity.
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gene expression; the process is mitotically or meiotically heritable, or is stably self-propagated in the cytoplasm of a resting cell, and does not entail a change in DNA sequence.
Dynamic structural changes to eukaryotic chromatin that require energy from the hydrolysis of ATP, ranging from local changes necessary for transcriptional regulation to global changes necessary for chromosome segregation, mediated by ATP-dependent chromatin-remodelling factors.