Encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor whose activity is required to promote differentiation of stomatal guard cells and to halt proliferative divisions in their immediate precursors. Both transcript and protein are expressed in and are required for halting divisions at the end of the stomatal lineage. It also has a role in the promotion of guard cell fate and in controlling the transition from guard mother cell to guard cell.
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Encodes an RNA Slicer that selectively recruits microRNAs and siRNAs. There is currently no evidence that AGO1 Slicer is in a high molecular weight RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Mutants are defective in post-transcriptional gene silencing and have pleiotropic developmental and morphological defects. Through its action on the regulation of ARF17 expression, the protein regulates genes involved at the cross talk between auxin and light signaling during adventitious root development. AGO1 seems to be targeted for degradation by silencing suppressor F-box-containing proteins from Turnip yellow virus and Cucurbit aphid-borne yellow virus.