Encodes a DNA mismatch repair homolog of human MutS gene, MSH6. MSH2 is involved in maintaining genome stability and repressing recombination of mismatched heteroduplexes.There are four MutS genes in Arabidopsis, MSH2, MSH3, MSH6, and MSH7, which all act as heterodimers and bind to 51-mer duplexes. MSH2 has different binding specificity to different mismatches in combination with MSH3, MSH6, or MSH7.
Click gene/probe ID to show a list of genes that are homologous to the gene.
MSH3 (Arabidopsis homolog of DNA mismatch repair protein MSH3)
encodes a DNA mismatch repair homolog of human MutS gene, MSH6. There are four MutS genes in Arabidopsis, MSH2, MSH3, MSH6, and MSH7, which all act as heterodimers and bind to 51-mer duplexes. MSH2*MSH3 heterodimers bound 'insertion-deletion' DNA with three nucleotides (+AAG) or one nucleotide (+T) looped out much better than they bound DNA with a base/base mispair (T/G).
Encodes an RNase III-like enzyme that catalyzes processing of trans-acting small interfering RNA precursors in a distinct small RNA biogenesis pathway. The protein is also involved in the production of 21-nt primary siRNAs from both inverted-repeat constructs and endogenous sequences, as well as the RDR6-dependent 21-nt secondary siRNAs involved in long-range cell-to-cell signaling. It binds DRB4, a ds-RNA binding protein.
Encodes a protein that promotes splicing of type II introns. otp51 mutants fail to splice intron 2 of plastid ycf3 transcripts, a factor required for the assembly of Photosystem I. Therefore, homozygous otp51 mutants have profound photosynthetic defects and can only survive in sucrose-supplemented in vitro cultures under low light conditions. OTP51 may also be involved in splicing several other transcripts and precursor forms of the trnL, trnG, trnI, and trnA transcripts also accumulate in otp51 mutants. Although OTP51 shares some homology with DNA endonucleases, it lacks key catalytic residues suggesting that it does not participate in DNA cleavage.