Encodes a syntaxin localized at the plasma membrane (SYR1, Syntaxin Related Protein 1, also known as SYP121, PENETRATION1/PEN1). SYR1/PEN1 is a member of the SNARE superfamily proteins. SNARE proteins are involved in cell signaling, vesicle traffic, growth and development. SYR1/PEN1 functions in positioning anchoring of the KAT1 K+ channel protein at the plasma membrane. Transcription is upregulated by abscisic acid, suggesting a role in ABA signaling. Also functions in non-host resistance against barley powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis sp. hordei. SYR1/PEN1 is a nonessential component of the preinvasive resistance against Colletotrichum fungus. Required for mlo resistance.
Encodes a synergid-expressed, plasma-membrane localized receptor-like kinase that accumulates asymetrically in the synergid membrnane at the filiform apparatus and mediates male-female gametophyte interactions during pollen tube reception.